A Prospective Study of Factors Influencing Wound Dehiscence after Midline Laparotomy

Meena, Kusum; Ali, Shadan; Chawla, Awneet Singh; Aggarwal, Lalit; Suhani, Suhani; Kumar, Sanjay; Khan, Rehan Nabi
August 2013
Surgical Science;Aug2013, Vol. 4 Issue 8, p354
Academic Journal
Aim: To evaluate the factors influencing fascial wound dehiscence after midline laparotomy in the patients of perforation peritonitis with an emphasis on measurement of "intra-abdominal" pressure (IAP) and fascial transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). Methods: Hundred eligible adult patients with the diagnosis of perforation peritonitis who underwent emergency exploratory laparotomy were prospectively recruited. Forty five patients who developed midline abdominal wound dehiscence were compared with 55 patients without dehiscence. Results: The variables that were significantly associated with wound dehiscence include anemia, hypo proteinemia, duration of surgery, prolonged postoperative ileus, wound infection and postoperative pulmonary infection. Age, gender, jaundice, cause of peritonitis, wound contamination and types of surgery were non significant variables. The mean IAP value in the patients with dehiscence was significantly higher than "non-dehiscence" group (p = 0.000). The patients with wound dehiscence strongly expressed TGF-beta on the day of burst. Conclusion: The patients of peritonitis undergoing prolonged surgery in the presence of risk factors like anemia, hypo proteinemia, postoperative ileus, wound infection and postoperative pulmonary infection have high risk of abdominal wound dehiscence.


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