A Literature Review: Pharmaceutical Care an Evolving Role at Community Pharmacies in Pakistan

Hussain, Azhar; Malik, Madeeha; Toklu, Hale Zerrin
August 2013
Pharmacology & Pharmacy;Aug2013, Vol. 4 Issue 5, p425
Academic Journal
The aim of this paper is to highlight the role of pharmaceutical care at community pharmacies in Pakistan. The paper draws on the literature related to current dispensing practices at community pharmacies in developing countries as well as in Pakistan. There are approximately 63,000 community pharmacies in Pakistan, and according to an estimate, 80% of the medicines are being distributed through this channel to majority of the population. They often lack adequate facilities, staffing and equipments. Absence of pharmacists and their roles being performed by the non-qualified personnel working at community pharmacies are a common practice. There are 8102 pharmacists who are categorized as a category, 31,000 pharmacy technicians categorized in B & C category in the country. There is a shortage of pharmacists who could be engaged for ensuring good pharmacy practices. There are only ten percent of the total pharmacists who work at community pharmacies in the country according to the Pharmacy Council of Pakistan. All kind of medicines are freely available irrespective of their status as prescription or over the counter drugs. The paper highlights that the professional role of pharmacist in hospitals and community pharmacies is switching from dispensing and sale of drugs, to patient counselling. But, the concept of pharmaceutical care at community pharmacies has not been acknowledged yet in Pakistan. The process of prescription handling is poor and patients are often treated without a proper prescription. Prescription validation, drug labeling and patient counseling are the missing components in effective patient management at the community pharmacies. The paper concludes that although laws exist, but due to lack of accountability and weak regulatory framework their proper implementation is not witnessed. Moreover, due to lack of research and evidence related to problems in dispensing practices in healthcare system of Pakistan, the counteractive actions for resolving these problems are limited.


Related Articles

  • Innovative OTC products abound. Eder, Rob // Drug Store News;8/24/98, Vol. 20 Issue 13, pCP73 

    Part II. Features some of the over-the-counter (OTC) products presented at the 1998 National Association of Chain Drug Stores (NACDS) Marketplace in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Includes Tru-Fit magnetic therapy line from Becton-Dickinson; Pro Band Sports Industries' XM line of magnetic support...

  • It's always been about the staffing. Hanson, Tom // Drug Topics;May2011, Vol. 155 Issue 5, p62 

    In this article, the author discusses staffing issues in the retail chain pharmacy industry. He outlines several nonprofessional duties of a pharmacist, including waiting on customer/patients at the front counter, answering incoming phone calls, and dealing with daily inventory and out-of-stock...

  • Transitions.  // Drug Store News;6/26/95, Vol. 17 Issue 9, p8 

    Reports on new executive appointments in the American drugstore business for the week of June 26, 1995. Includes responsibilities in the new post.

  • On the job with chain drug buyers. Sutton, Sandra M.; Maline, Nancy // Drug Store News;6/17/96, Vol. 18 Issue 9, p133 

    Discusses the findings of a `Drug Store News' survey that polled chain drug buyers across the country about their jobs. Length of store-level experience; Diversity in job titles and segment responsibilities; Most-liked and least-liked aspects of the job; Skills needed to handle tasks; Category...

  • Pharmacy clerks' prescribing practices for STD patients in Porto Alegre, Brazil: missed opportunities for improving STD control. Ramos, Mauro Cunha; Correa da Silva, Rodrigo D.; Gobbato, Ricardo O.; da Rocha, Felipe Civeira; de Lucca Jnr, Giusepe; Vissoky, Jacques; Cestari, Tania; Filgueiras, Absalom // International Journal of STD & AIDS;May2004, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p333 

    STDs are a significant public health problem in Brazil. A primary control strategy is the immediate treatment of symptomatic individuals. When services are unavailable, STD patients seek care in alternative settings. Probably the most frequently used settings are commercial pharmacies, where...

  • Magnified chains face giant people issues. Griffin, Marie // Drug Store News;11/23/98, Vol. 20 Issue 19, p8 

    Editorial. Comments on the people-oriented implications of the magnification of drugstore chains in the United States. Trend among drug manufacturers towards mergers and consolidation of operations; Increase in number of employees as a consequence of mergers; Knowledge workers' requirement for...

  • Firm unveils its better dispensing mousetrap. Ukens, Carol // Drug Topics;9/1/2003, Vol. 147 Issue 17, p70 

    Features the Parata Robotic Dispensing Solution, the pharmaceutical dispensing equipment launched by Parata Systems during the 2003 National Association of Chain Drug Stores pharmacy conference. Dimension of the equipment; Ease of installation; Primary customer base for the equipment.

  • HELPING HANDS. LoBuono, Charlotte // Drug Topics;8/5/2002, Vol. 146 Issue 15, p59 

    Discusses the results of a survey of pharmacy technicians. Characteristics of respondents; Ratio between technicians and registered pharmacy; Role and job description; Recruitment and training; Findings about certification and salary.

  • Transitions.  // Drug Store News;4/24/2000, Vol. 22 Issue 6, p6 

    Deals with several executive appointments and promotions at drug store companies in the United States. Promotion of Christopher Serbin from category manager to divisional merchandise manager in the drug/over the counter (OTC) purchasing unit of Walgreen Co.; Appointment of Steven McCann as...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics