Síndrome metabólico en menopausia: implicaciones de la terapia hormonal

Tabares-Trujillo, María Katherine; Aguilera-Pérez, Jesús Rafael; Velázquez-Valassi, Beatriz; Garza-Ríos, Pablo; Citlalli Angulo-Torres, Lizbeth; García-Ruiz, Rosalía
January 2012
Perinatologia y Reproduccion Humana;ene-mar2012, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p25
Academic Journal
Introduction: The incidence of cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome during the menopause is around 35%. The objective of this study was to establish the relation between anthropometric and biochemical values in those patients with metabolic syndrome with and without hormone replacement therapy during menopause. Methods: A retrospective cohort study with case analysis of the Coordination of Peri and Postmenopause at the Instituto Nacional de Perinatología Isidro Espinosa de los Reyes during the period between 1998 and 2009; the study included those patients with diagnosis of metabolic syndrome. The variables analyzed were: a) anthropometric, b) biochemical indicators and c) blood pressure levels, divided in two groups: patients with hormone replacement therapy (Group I) and patients without hormonal therapy (Group II). The statistical analysis were performed depending on the variable, with chi-square, Student t test and OR, CI (95%). Results: 310 cases were included: Group I, 121 cases and Group II 189 cases. There were no statistically significant differences on anthropometric and biochemical indicators, but significant differences in cholesterol (p=0.024) and diastolic blood pressure levels, were found (p <0.001) in patients receiving hormone replacement therapy. Group II had an OR 5.27, CI 95% (2-13.87) for diastolic blood pressure> 90 mmHg. Conclusions: Patients with metabolic syndrome without hormone replacement therapy have an increased risk for diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg and a tendency to maintain higher cholesterol levels and increasing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, although research on the different risk factors, and the implications of hormone therapy, are still insufficient to recognize the scale of the problem in the climacteric woman.


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