TITLE

Using Bench Press Load to Predict Upper Body Exercise Loads in Physically Active Individuals

AUTHOR(S)
Del P. Wong; Kwan-Lung Ngo; Tse, Michael A.; Smith, Andrew W.
PUB. DATE
March 2013
SOURCE
Journal of Sports Science & Medicine;2013, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p38
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study investigated whether loads for assistance exercises of the upper body can be predicted from the loads of the bench press exercise. Twenty-nine physically active collegiate students (age: 22.6 ± 2.5; weight training experience: 2.9 ± 2.1 years; estimated 1RM bench press: 54.31 ± 14.60 kg; 1RM: body weight ratio: 0.80 ± 0.22; BMI: 22.7 ± 2.1 kg.m-2) were recruited. The 6RM loads for bench press, barbell bicep curl, overhead dumbbell triceps extension, hammer curl and dumbbell shoulder press were measured. Test-retest reliability for the 5 exercises as determined by Pearson product moment correlation coefficient was very high to nearly perfect (0.82-0.98, p < 0.01). The bench press load was significantly correlated with the loads of the 4 assistance exercises (r ranged from 0.80 to 0.93, p < 0.01). Linear regression revealed that the bench press load was a significant (R2 range from 0.64 to 0.86, p < 0.01) predictor for the loads of the 4 assistance exercises. The following 6RM prediction equations were determined: (a) Hammer curl = Bench press load (0.28) + 6.30 kg, (b) Barbell biceps curl = Bench press load (0.33) + 6.20 kg, (c) Overhead triceps extension = Bench press load (0.33) - 0.60 kg, and (d) Dumbbell shoulder press = Bench press load (0.42) + 5.84 kg. The difference between the actual load and the predicted load using the four equations ranged between 6.52% and 8.54%, such difference was not significant. Fitness professionals can use the 6RM bench press load as a time effective and accurate method to predict training loads for upper body assistance exercises.
ACCESSION #
91530271

 

Related Articles

  • The reliability of force-time variables recorded during vertical jump performance and their relationship with jump height in power trained athletes. Marques, Mario C.; Izquierdo, Mikel; Van den Tillaar, Roland; Moir, Gavin L.; Sanchez-Medina, Luis; Gonzalez-Badillo, Juan J. // International SportMed Journal;Jun2014, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p146 

    Background: Vertical jump tests have been put forward as a measure of explosive strength, yet the importance of rate of force development (RFD) to vertical jump performance remains unclear. Research question: To determine the reliability of force-time variables recorded during countermovement...

  • Effects of endurance and strength acute exercise on night sleep quality. Roveda, Eliana; Sciolla, Chiara; Montaruli, Angela; Calogiuri, Giovanna; Angeli, Alberto; Carandente, Franca // International SportMed Journal;2011, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p113 

    Background: Physical activity is one of the lifestyle-related factors that is decisive for the quality of sleep and for immune system stimulation. Research question: The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effect of high-intensity endurance and strength exercises, carried out in the...

  • Validade de diferentes equações de predição da carga máxima em atletas de artes marciais mistas. Laécio Guerra Filho, Jairo; Ramalho Aniceto, Rodrigo; Rodrigues Neto, Gabriel; Pereira Neto, Elisio; Targino de Araújo Júnior, Adenilson; Pereira Araújo, Joamira; do Socorro Cirilo Sousa, Maria // Motricidade;2014, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p47 

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of different prediction equations to the one maximum repetition (1-RM) test at the bench press exercise (BP) with bar in mixed martial arts (MMA) athletes. The sample was composed by 19 male MMA athletes (27.68 ± 6.19 years). The data...

  • Relationships Between Eccentric Hip Isokinetic Torque and Functional Performance. Baldon, Rodrigo de Marche; Lobato, Daniel Ferreira Moreira; Carvalho, Lívia Pinheiro; Wun, Paloma Yan Lam; Presotti, Cátia Valéria; Serrão, Fábio Viadanna // Journal of Sport Rehabilitation;Feb2012, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p26 

    Context: Recently, attention in sports has been given to eccentric hip-muscle function, both in preventing musculoskeletal injuries and improving performance. Objective: To determine the key isokinetic variables of eccentric hip torque that predict the functional performance of women in the...

  • Force plate vertical jump measurements and 30 m sprint performance in trained athletes: a short report. Marques, Mario C.; Izquierdo, Mikel; Ferraz, Ricardo; Carneiro, Andre L.; Gonzalez-Badillo, Juan Jose // International SportMed Journal;Mar2014, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p77 

    The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between short sprint time (30 metres) and several kinetic variables of the countermovement jump (CMJ) in a sample of trained athletes. A group of 12 trained athletes volunteered to participate in the study (mean ± SD: age 22.2 ± 1.2...

  • Upper-Body Muscular Endurance in Female University-Level Modern Dancers: A Pilot Study. Ambegaonkar, Jatin P.; Caswell, Shane V.; Winchester, Jason B.; Caswell, Amanda A.; Andre, Matthew J. // Journal of Dance Medicine & Science;2012, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p3 

    Physical demands vary among dance styles, and injury patterns differ accordingly. Modern dance tends to be high in upper-body demands, and university-level female modern dancers are suggested to be at high risk for upper-body injury. Low muscular endurance is a known injury risk factor. Whether...

  • Trunk Muscle Endurance and Low Back Pain in Female Dance Students. Swain, Christopher; Redding, Emma // Journal of Dance Medicine & Science;2014, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p62 

    Low back pain (LBP) is often cited as a common condition at all levels of dance. Evidence suggests that reduced endurance of the trunk muscles can predispose an individual to LBP . The purpose of this study was to examine differences in trunk muscle endurance in a sample of tertiary level dance...

  • Position-Specific Task, Strength, and Performance Comparisons between NCAA Division I Offensive and Defensive Linemen.  // Sport Journal;2014, p1 

    The ultimate goal of strength and conditioning practitioners is to improve performance on the field. To date, little data exist that provides evidence of strong relationships between selected exercises and sport-specific tasks. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of...

  • Position-Specific Task, Strength, and Performance Comparisons between NCAA Division I Offensive and Defensive Linemen.  // Sport Journal;2014, p1 

    The ultimate goal of strength and conditioning practitioners is to improve performance on the field. To date, little data exist that provides evidence of strong relationships between selected exercises and sport-specific tasks. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the performance...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics