Fluid detection with photonic crystal-based multichannel waveguides

Topol’ancˇik, J.; Bhattacharya, P.; Sabarinathan, J.; Yu, P.-C.
February 2003
Applied Physics Letters;2/24/2003, Vol. 82 Issue 8, p1143
Academic Journal
A simple fluid detection scheme, based on light propagation through linear defect waveguides in photonic crystals, is demonstrated with isopropanol and xylene. The two-channel photonic crystal waveguide sensor is made from a GaAs-based heterostructure. The preferential channeling of light is controlled by the change in the refractive index of the corresponding waveguide branch due to the presence of the inserted fluid in the guide regions only.


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