U.S. maternal mortality has continued its decline, but risk remains higher among minority women

Althaus, F.
May 1991
Family Planning Perspectives;May/Jun91, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p140
Academic Journal
This article presents a study that examined a decline in maternal mortality in the U.S. and Puerto Rio from 1976 to 1986. During that period, the ratio for white women decreased from seven deaths to five deaths per 100,000 live births, while the ratio for African American women and women of other minority races declined from about 27 to fewer than 17 deaths per 100,000 live births. The four leading causes of maternal death following delivery of a live infant were pulmonary embolism, pregnancy-induced hypertension, hemorrhage and infection. Heath departments in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, New York City and Puerto Rock reported a total of 2,726 maternal deaths to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control for the period. Deaths were defined as maternal if they occurred during the pregnancy or within one year after pregnancy resolution and if they resulted from complications of pregnancy from a series of events initiated by the pregnancy or from aggravation of an unrelated condition by the physiologic effects of the pregnancy. Overall, the material mortality ratio for the period was 9.1 deaths per 100,000 live births, the annual ratio dropped from 10.9 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1979 to 7.4 per 100,000 in 1986.


Related Articles

  • Suicide: the leading cause of maternal death. Oates, Margaret // British Journal of Psychiatry;Oct2003, Vol. 183, p279 

    The article discusses the results of the Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths in Great Britain. It was found that suicide serves as the leading cause of maternal death. Most of the patients examined have died violently, mainly by hanging or jumping while others die due to an overdose of...

  • ebb Complete Tamponade System: effective hemostasis for postpartum hemorrhage. McQuivey, Ross W; Block, Jon E; Massaro, Robert A // Medical Devices: Evidence & Research;Mar2018, Vol. 11, p57 

    As a leading cause of maternal death, postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) remains a worldwide obstetrical problem. However, in most cases, mortality and morbidity can be averted if efforts are immediately undertaken to achieve hemostasis. Uterine balloon tamponade has been shown to provide effective...

  • Contribution of Indirect Causes to Maternal Mortalities Based on a Methodological Approach to Clinical Epidemiology in Iran. Mobasheri, Mahmoud; Ahmadi, Ali; Eshrati, Babak; Noroozi, Mehdi; Lashkari, Leila // International Journal of Travel Medicine & Global Health;Autumn2013, Vol. 1 Issue 3, p125 

    The article focuses on a study conducted to determine the indirect causes related to maternal mortalities in Markazi province, Iran. It is noted that through interviews and documents' investigation, and Bayesian analysis and calculation of conditional probability in Netica 5.08 software, the...

  • MATERNAL MORTALITY--A WAY TO REDUCE DEATHS.  // Women's International Network News;Spring2002, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p55 

    Discusses ways to prevent maternal deaths in several countries. Causes of maternal death; Ratio of maternal mortality in Asia-Pacific countries; Responsibility of governments in preventing maternal deaths.

  • Safe Motherhood Campaigns: No Reduction in Maternal Deaths.  // Women's International Network News;Winter2000, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p20 

    Deals with the persistence of maternal deaths worldwide as of September 1999. Number of women who die annually from complications of pregnancy or delivery; Percentage of women in developing countries who die from problems at birth; Causes of maternal morbidity and mortality in less developed...

  • Maternal mortality: an unsolved problem. King, Jeffrey C.; Berg, Cynthia J. // Contemporary OB/GYN;Sep99, Vol. 44 Issue 9, p144 

    Presents information on the increase in maternal mortality in the United States from 1982 to 1999. Causes; Risk factors; Suggestions on how to improve maternal health.

  • A district-based audit of the causes and circumstances of maternal deaths in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Supratikto, Gunawan; Wirth, Meg E.; Achadi, Endang; Cohen, Surekha; Ronsmans, Carine // Bulletin of the World Health Organization;2002, Vol. 80 Issue 3, p228 

    A district-based audit of maternal and perinatal mortality began during 1994 in three provinces of South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Both medical and non-medical factors were documented and an effort was made to progress from merely assessing substandard care to recommending improvements in access to...

  • Maternal deaths in teenage mothers. Nkata, M. // Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology;Jul97, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p344 

    Summary In developing countries such as Zambia, teenage pregnancy is common and dangerous. In this study, out of 677 teenage mothers 33 died. The causes of this alarming mortality are documented and show the influence of sepsis, obstructed labour and uterine rupture. Malaria was an important...

  • Oxytocin in Uniject Disposable Auto-Disable Injection System versus Standard Use for the Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Pichon-Riviere, Andrés; Glujovsky, Demián; Garay, Osvaldo Ulises; Augustovski, Federico; Ciapponi, Agustin; Serpa, Magdalena; Althabe, Fernando // PLoS ONE;Jun2015, Vol. 10 Issue 6, p1 

    Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a leading cause of maternal death. Despite strong evidence showing the efficacy of routine oxytocin in preventing PPH, the proportion of women receiving it after delivery is still below 100%. The Uniject injection system prefilled with oxytocin (Uniject) has the...

  • MAKING CHILDBIRTH SAFER. Ziwica, Kristine // Parenting;May2000, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p29 

    Presents information on the Safe Motherhood Monitoring and Prevention Research Act for safe pregnancies in the United States (US). Sponsors of the bill; Features of the bill; Reasons for the increase in the rate of maternal mortality in US since 1982.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics