Ga vacancies and grain boundaries in GaN

Oila, J.; Saarinen, K.; Wickenden, A. E.; Koleske, D. D.; Henry, R. L.; Twigg, M. E.
February 2003
Applied Physics Letters;2/17/2003, Vol. 82 Issue 7, p1021
Academic Journal
We have applied a low-energy positron beam to study epitaxial Si-doped GaN layers, where the grain size varies from 0.2 to 2-5 µm. Negatively charged Ga vacancies are found in n-type samples. Their concentration is independent of the grain size, suggesting that Ga vacancies exist in the grain interior. Positrons are observed to get trapped also at other negatively charged centers. The positron trapping rate at these defects correlates with the grain-boundary density. We attribute the observed shallow positron traps, which do not contain open volume, to negatively charged edge-type dislocations which define the grain boundaries.


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