La violencia rural en la Argentina de los agronegocios: crónicas invisibles del despojo

Percíncula, Analia; Jorge, Andrés; Calvo, Claudia; Mariotti, Daniela; Domínguez, Diego; de Estrada, María; Ciccolella, Mariana; Barbetta, Pablo; Sabatino, Pablo; Astelarra, Sofía
July 2011
Revista NERA;jul-dez2011, Vol. 14 Issue 19, p8
Academic Journal
When analyzing rural violence, a first case presented to the countries of the Americas is the first violence of dispossession of European conquest. But also, violence has been linked to inequality of rural land system that is mounted in the countries of Latin America. In this case, the violence associated with rural conflicts, is based on the problem of land (KAY, 2003). In the Argentine countryside can be seen that the violence has taken on different forms and now, in the time of deployment of agribusiness, is expressed in the increased activity of armed groups who harass individual farm families, and generally act together with forces government security in evicting them, and killing peasants or indigenous. It can be assumed that rural violence in Argentina is expressing, in addition to the existence of weak democratic devices, the intensity of the bidding for the use of areas that still bear a significant endowment of natural resources: The Battle for the last pockets of biodiversity in Argentina . The presence of state and private violence against rural populations, is accompanied by a large battery of public policy and organs of civil society around the "land", seeking to institutionalize conflict for control and use of the environment, without changing the productivist conception of exploitation. In sum, an important vector of rural deterritorializing in XXI century Argentina seem to be violence. At present, the assertion of power from courts and state security forces or security groups from private companies on peasants and indigenous communities, has become so common for cornering and dispossession, and the processes of economic nature such as deregulation of agriculture. The importance of its analysis, in the light of the earth conflictuality, is that violence seems to unfold as an instrument. Therefore we propose to advance the record of this problem and explore the nature and extent of an invisible reality in a country like Argentina, where raw hyper-modern discourse based on the expansion of the knowledge society in agriculture.


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