Seroprevalence of Anti-Hepatitis A Antibody Among 1 - 15 Year Old Children in Kashan-Iran

ardakani, Abbas Taghavi; Soltani, Babak; Sehat, Mojtaba; Namjoo, Somayeh; Rezaei, Mostafa Haji
May 2013
Hepatitis Monthly;May2013, Vol. 13 Issue 5, p1
Academic Journal
Background: Worldwide, hepatitis A is a common infection during childhood especially in developing countries. It can cause severe complications in adults and patients with underlying diseases. Objectives: This study was performed to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis A in 1 - 15 year-old children of Kashan. Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 666 one to fifteen year-old children from health-care centers in Kashan city during 2012. Total antibodies against hepatitis A were measured in sera by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: Totally, 3.9% of children were seropositive. Mean number of family members was 3.92 ± 0.89. There was no difference in seroprevalence of hepatitis A relative to sex, family size, mean age and age groups. Conclusions: In this city, a great proportion of children are susceptible to hepatitis A and it's complications at an older age. This decrease in seropositivity may be caused by elevated hygiene level. According to our results hepatitis A vaccination is recommended at early childhood such as that of other regions where low prevalence of hepatitis A infection is found.


Related Articles

  • Serologic celiac disease in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Tavakkoli, Hamid; Haghdani, Saeid; Adilipour, Haiedeh; Daghaghzadeh, Hamed; Minakari, Mohammad; Adibi, Peyman; Ahmadi, Khalil; Emami, Mohammah Hasan // Journal of Research in Medical Sciences;Feb2012, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p154 

    Background: There is an association of celiac disease (CD) with several gastrointestinal illnesses. We aimed to determine the prevalence of CD in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) to evaluate the value of the routine serological tests for CD in these patients. Materials and...

  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hepatitis C Virus Infection in Amol City, North of Iran: A Population-Based Study (2008-2011). Zamani, Farhad; Sohrabi, Masoudreza; Poustchi, Hossein; Keyvani, Hossein; Saeedian, Fatemeh Sima; Ajdarkosh, Hossein; Khoonsari, Mahood; Hemmasi, Gholamreza; Moradilakeh, Maziar; Motamed, Nima; Maadi, Masoumeh // Hepatitis Monthly;Dec2013, Vol. 13 Issue 12, p1 

    Background: Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection is one of the most important causes of chronic liver disease and related problems in the world .There are few population-based studies on the prevalence and risk factors of hepatitis C infection in Iran, which could not provide enough information....

  • Should We Look for Strongyloides Stercoralis in Foreign-Born HIV-Infected Persons? Llenas-García, Jara; Fiorante, Silvana; Salto, Efrén; Maseda, Diego; Rodríguez, Violeta; Matarranz, Mariano; Hernando, Asunción; Rubio, Rafael; Pulido, Federico // Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health;Aug2013, Vol. 15 Issue 4, p796 

    The objective was to evaluate the implementation of a systematic Strongyloides stercoralis screening programme in HIV infected immigrants attending an HIV Unit in Spain. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to assess the presence of Strongyloides IgG. Patients with a...

  • Prevalence of Celiac Disease in Omani Children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross Sectional Study. Al-Sinani, Siham; Sharef, Sharef Waadallah; Al-Yaarubi, Saif; Al-Zakwani, Ibrahim; Al-Naamani, Khalid; Al-Hajri, Aisha; Al-Hasani, Said // Oman Medical Journal;Jul2013, Vol. 28 Issue 4, p260 

    Objective: Published studies on the prevalence of celiac disease in type 1 diabetes mellitus from the Arab World are scant. We aim to report the prevalence of celiac disease in Omani children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Methods: Children with type 1 diabetes mellitus were prospectively...

  • Comparison of the Short-Term Oxidative Stress Response in National League Basketball and Soccer Adolescent Athletes. Perrea, Anastasia; Vlachos, Ioannis S.; Korou, Laskarina-Maria; Doulamis, Ilias P.; Exarhopoulou, Konstantina; Kypraios, George; Kalofoutis, Anastasios; Perrea, Despina N. // Angiology;Aug2014, Vol. 65 Issue 7, p624 

    Physical exercise is considered protective against oxidative stress-related disorders. However, there is increasing evidence that strenuous activity may induce increased oxidative stress response. This study investigated the impact of vigorous physical activity on serum oxidative stress markers...

  • Serologic Evidence of Pertussis Infection in Vaccinated Iranian Children. Dashti, Anahita Sanaei; Karimi, Abdollah; Moghadami, Mohsen; Kheirkhah, Taherh; Shiva, Farideh; Gholinejad, Zari; Joulaei, Hassan // Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences;Dec2012, Vol. 37 Issue 4, p260 

    Background: It seems that the incidence of pertussis-like illnesses is considerably increasing despite the wide coverage of immunization with the whole cell pertussis vaccine. We aimed to investigate the occurrence of pertussis in vaccinated children by measuring anti-pertussis antibodies....

  • Hepatitis C and Hepatitis B Virus Infection: Epidemiology and Risk Factors in a Large Cohort of Pregnant Women in Lorestan, West of Iran. Mohebbi, Seyed Reza; Sanati, Azar; Cheraghipour, Kourosh; Nejad, Mohammad Rostami; Shalmani, Hamid Mohaghegh; Zali, Mohammad Reza // Hepatitis Monthly;Sep2011, Vol. 11 Issue 9, p736 

    Background: There are little data on the prevalence of serological markers of hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses in pregnant women in Iran. Objectives: This study was designed to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among pregnant women in...

  • Age-Specific Seroprevalence of Anti-Hepatitis A Antibody Among 1-30 Years Old Population of Savadkuh, Mazandaran, Iran With Literature Review. Jafar Saffar, Mohammed; Abedian, Omid; Ajami, Abolghasem; Abedian, Farshideh; Mohammad Mirabi, Araz; Khalilian, Ali-Reza; Saffar, Hana // Hepatitis Monthly;May2012, Vol. 12 Issue 5, p326 

    Background: To determine age-specific seroprevalence rates of hepatitis A virus (HAV) immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody in Savadkuh district, Mazandaran province, north of Iran, as well as to compare the collected data with earlier seroprevalence studies in the region and Iran in order to draw a...

  • Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection and Related Risk Factors in Tabriz City, Iran, 2008. Jafari, Rasool; Sadaghian, Mohammad; Safari, Marzieh // Journal of Research in Health Sciences;Summer/Autumn2012, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p119 

    Background: Toxoplasma gondii is a worldwide obligate intercellular parasite. Felids are its definitive host and warm-blooded animals including humans are its intermediate host. The aim of this seroepidemiological study was to investigate the frequency of human infection using ELISA method and...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics