Environmental Impact Assessment of Ecotourism site's Values

Mirsanjari, Mir Mehrdad; Ashegh moalla, Maryam; Zarekare, Azadeh; Ghorbani, Sareh
February 2013
Advances in Environmental Biology;Feb2013, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p248
Academic Journal
Recently, with rapidly developing economies in Asia, ecotourists from these countries are entering the market as consumers. The experience is expanding with the increase in number of parks. There is now a worldwide increase in nature travel market. Ecotourism has an idealistic agenda, as progressive, educational travel, which conserves the environment and benefits local communities. The synonyms of eco-tourism are given below:environment friendly tourism, nature tourism, green tourism, scientific tourism, cottage tourism, wildlife tourism, wilderness tourism, safari tourism, designer tourism, hard tourism, risk tourism, adventure tourism etc. Nature tourism or ecotourism is based on purposeful travel to natural areas for study, spiritual sensuality of landscapes, flora and fauna in these areas. Environmental effects of projects was examined in construction and operation phases and the components of the physical and chemical, biological and ecological, economic, social and cultural. Results based on Leopold matrix method show performing projects are preferable than not performing, if the management programs and environmental improvements and corrective actions shall be done. The results shows in this area there are environmental damage such as soil erosion and soil compaction, destruction of flora and fauna, water and air pollution, damage to the agricultural economy of the natural landscape of region.


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