TITLE

IMPACT OF GRADE AND GENDER DIFFERENCES ON ADJUSTMENT

AUTHOR(S)
VALIYAMATTAM, GEORGITTA J.; GOPAL, D. V. VENU; ASHOK, A.; MADHU, K.
PUB. DATE
July 2013
SOURCE
Social Science International;Jul-Dec2013, Vol. 29 Issue 2, p163
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
We examined the patterns of adolescent adjustment in the Indian context across two variables of interest i.e., grade and gender, in the transition from early adolescence to adulthood. Participants in this cross-sectional study comprised of 2225 students (1160 boys and 1065 girls) from the High School grades, grade 12, as also those attending graduate and post graduate classes, in various institutes of north coastal Andhra Pradesh. Adjustment patterns were measured along the six adjustment dimensions of the Culturally Relevant Bell Adjustment Inventory (Ashok, Madhu, Suneetha and Ramana, 2004). These dimensions include- Home adjustment, Health adjustment, Submissiveness vs Assertion, Emotionality, Hostility vs Friendliness and Masculinity vs Femininity. Results obtained indicated significant differences across the four grade groups and gender groups with respect to the adjustment dimensions in consideration. High school students were found to be comparatively poor in home adjustment and health adjustment with largely progressive improvements in the two areas towards post graduation. Grade 12 students were found to be highly submissive as compared to the other grade groups with the levels of submissiveness declining towards graduation and post-graduation. Except for a slight increase in emotional problems in graduation, students reported a progressive improvement in emotional adjustment from high school towards post-graduation. While no significant differences were observed along the adjustment dimensions between male and female students at the high school level, the differences in the adjustment patterns became more pronounced in grade 12 and graduation, with girls being highly submissive and reporting poorer health and emotional adjustment as compared to males. These differences between the gender groups, however, tended to even out in post graduation. Overall, postgraduate students displayed most optimal levels of adjustment as compared to the other grade groups, implying a progressive betterment in adjustment towards adulthood.
ACCESSION #
90457889

 

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