Prospects and Challenges for the Basic Income Proposal in Latin America

LoVuolo, Rubén
December 2012
Basic Income Studies;2012, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p-1
Academic Journal
Basic Income (BI) aims to guarantee a universal and unconditional income to everyone. However, Latin America has income programmes for economically dependent people. These trends pose specific questions for the BI debate: can a universal and unconditional policy be reached starting from a conditional targeted policy? How would those conditionalities be considered in order to improve human capital? I discuss the Latin American road to BI and look at the Brazilian Bolsa Família and the Asignación Universal por Hijo (recently approved in Argentina) programmes. Both schemes are chosen because they share common characteristics of Conditional Cash Transfer programmes. Furthermore, they are among the few in the region considered part of the BI debate: in the case of Brazil, as part of the Lei de Renda Básica de Cidadania, and in the case of Argentina, as a response to the bill proposals presented at the National Congress.


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