Enteroviral Meningoencephalitis after Anti-CD20 (Rituximab) Treatment

Quartier, Pierre; Tournilhac, Olivier; Archimbaud, Christine; Lazaro, Leila; Chaleteix, Carine; Millet, Pascale; Peigue-Lafeuille, Hélène; Blanche, Stéphane; Fischer, Alain; Casanova, Jean-Laurent; Travade, Philippe; Tardieu, Marc
February 2003
Clinical Infectious Diseases;2/1/2003, Vol. 36 Issue 3, pe47
Academic Journal
Treatment with the chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab induces rapid and long-lasting depletion of circulating B cells. We report the occurrence of enteroviral meningoencephalitis following rituximab therapy in 1 child with immune thrombocytopenia and in 1 adult patient with relapsed B cell lymphoma.


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