TITLE

Maspin is a marker for early recurrence in primary stage III and IV colorectal cancer

AUTHOR(S)
Snoeren, N; Emmink, B L; Koerkamp, M J G; van Hooff, S R; Goos, J A C M; van Houdt, W J; de Wit, M; Prins, A M; Piersma, S R; Pham, T V; Belt, E J; Bril, H; Stockmann, H B; Meijer, G A; van Hillegersberg, R; Holstege, F C; Jimenez, C R; Fijneman, R J A; Kranenburg, O W; Rinkes, I H M Borel
PUB. DATE
September 2013
SOURCE
British Journal of Cancer;9/17/2013, Vol. 109 Issue 6, p1636
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background:Little is known about the factors that drive metastasis formation in colorectal cancer (CRC). Here, we set out to identify genes and proteins in patients with colorectal liver metastases that correlate with early disease recurrence. Such factors may predict a propensity for metastasis in earlier stages of CRC.Methods:Gene expression profiling and proteomics were used to identify differentially expressed genes/proteins in resected liver metastases that recurred within 6 months following liver surgery vs those that did not recur for >24 months. Expression of the identified genes/proteins in stage II (n=243) and III (n=176) tumours was analysed by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays. Correlation of protein levels with stage-specific outcome was assessed by uni- and multivariable analyses.Results:Both gene expression profiling and proteomics identified Maspin to be differentially expressed in colorectal liver metastases with early (<6 months) and prolonged (>24 months) time to recurrence. Immunohistochemical analysis of Maspin expression on tumour sections revealed that it was an independent predictor of time to recurrence (log-rank P=0.004) and CRC-specific survival (P=0.000) in stage III CRC. High Maspin expression was also correlated with mucinous differentiation. In stage II CRC patients, high Maspin expression did not correlate with survival but was correlated with a right-sided tumour location.Conclusion:High Maspin expression correlates with poor outcome in CRC after spread to the local lymph nodes. Therefore, Maspin may have a stage-specific function possibly related to tumour cell dissemination and/or metastatic outgrowth.
ACCESSION #
90272252

 

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