TITLE

The Emerging Role of Outdoor and Indoor Air Pollution in Cardiovascular Disease

AUTHOR(S)
UZOIGWE, JACINTA C.; PRUM, THAVALEAK; BRESNAHAN, ERIC; GARELNABI, MAHDI
PUB. DATE
August 2013
SOURCE
North American Journal of Medical Sciences;Aug2013, Vol. 5 Issue 8, p445
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Outdoor and indoor air pollution poses a significant cardiovascular risk, and has been associated with atherosclerosis, the main underlying pathology in many cardiovascular diseases. Although, it is well known that exposure to air pollution causes pulmonary disease, recent studies have shown that cardiovascular health consequences of air pollution generally equal or exceed those due to pulmonary diseases. The objective of this article is to evaluate the current evidence on the emerging role of environmental air pollutions in cardiovascular disease, with specific focus on the types of air pollutants and mechanisms of air pollution-induced cardiotoxicity. Published literature on pollution was systematically reviewed and cited in this article. It is hoped that this review will provide a better understanding of the harmful cardiovascular effects induced by air pollution exposure. This will help to bring a better understanding on the possible preventive health measures and will also serve regulatory agencies and researchers. In addition, elucidating the biological mechanisms underlying the link between air pollution and cardiovascular disease is an essential target in developing novel pharmacological strategies aimed at decreasing adverse effects of air pollution on cardiovascular system.
ACCESSION #
90148018

 

Related Articles

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease? Stone, Ian S.; Barnes, Neil C.; Petersen, Steffen E. // Heart;Jul2012, Vol. 98 Issue 14, p1055 

    Significant cardiac morbidity and mortality exists in patients with COPD. Shared risk factors include age, smoking history and exposure to air pollution and passive smoke. Although the inappropriate under-prescribing of b-blockers contributes, it is now appreciated that the observed cardiac risk...

  • Ischaemic heart disease and fine particulate air pollution. Pope III, C. Arden // Heart;Feb2015, Vol. 101 Issue 4, p248 

    The author discusses cardiovascular disease (CVD) and related morbidity and mortality due to air polluting particulate matter (PM). Topics discussed include relation between air pollution changes and changes in CVD health outcomes including ischemic heart disease (IHD), long term exposure and...

  • World Heart Day - creating heart healthy environments. Sinha, Nakul; Saran, R. K.; Hasan, Mansoor // Indian Journal of Medical Research;Sep2014, Vol. 140 Issue 3, p327 

    The authors reflect on the contribution of air pollutants and smoking to cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension and dyslipidaemia. They discuss two studies that investigated air pollutants as conventional risk factors for such diseases. The long- and short-term effects of exposure to air...

  • Response to "Comment on 'Individual and Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and the Association between Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease'". Chi, Gloria C.; Hajat, Anjum; Miller, Kristin A.; Whitsel, Eric A.; Griffin, Beth Ann; Shih, Regina A.; Kaufman, Joel D. // Environmental Health Perspectives;Jan2017, Vol. 125 Issue 1, pA16 

    A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article "Comment on 'Individual and Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and the Association Between Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease" by Ahmed et al. which appears in the same issue of the journal.

  • The Effect of PPE-Induced Emphysema and Chronic LPS-Induced Pulmonary Inflammation on Atherosclerosis Development in APOE*3-LEIDEN Mice. Khedoe, P. Padmini S. J; Wong, Man C.; Wagenaar, Gerry T. M.; Plomp, Jaap J.; van Eck, Miranda; Havekes, Louis M.; Rensen, Patrick C. N.; Hiemstra, Pieter S.; Berbée, Jimmy F. P. // PLoS ONE;Nov2013, Vol. 8 Issue 11, p1 

    Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by pulmonary inflammation, airways obstruction and emphysema, and is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the contribution of these individual COPD components to this increased risk is unknown....

  • Aortic stiffness: pathophysiology, clinical implications, and approach to treatment. Sethi, Salil; Rivera, Oscar; Oliveros, Rene; Chilton, Robert // Integrated Blood Pressure Control;2014, Vol. 7, p29 

    Aortic stiffness is a hallmark of aging, and classic cardiovascular risk factors play a role in accelerating this process. Current changes in medicine, which focus on preventive care, have led to a growing interest in noninvasive evaluation of aortic stiffness. Aortic stiffness has emerged as a...

  • Addition of a Novel, Protective Family History Category Allows Better Profiling of Cardiovascular Risk and Atherosclerotic Burden in the General Population. The Asklepios Study Van daele, Caroline M.; De Meyer, Tim; De Buyzere, Marc L.; Gillebert, Thierry C.; Denil, Simon L. I. J.; Bekaert, Sofie; Chirinos, Julio A.; Segers, Patrick; De Backer, Guy G.; De Bacquer, Dirk; Rietzschel, Ernst R.; on behalf of the Asklepios Investigators // PLoS ONE;May2013, Vol. 8 Issue 5, p1 

    Objectives: Whereas the importance of family history (FH) is widely recognized in cardiovascular risk assessment, its full potential could be underutilized, when applied with its current simple guidelines-based definition (cFH): presence of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a...

  • Nutritional Solutions to Reduce Risks of Negative Health Impacts of Air Pollution. Péter, Szabolcs; Raederstorff, Daniel; Weber, Peter; Eggersdorfer, Manfred; Holguin, Fernando; Wood, Lisa G.; Clougherty, Jane E.; Antal, Magda // Nutrients;Dec2015, Vol. 7 Issue 12, p10398 

    Air pollution worldwide has been associated with cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity and mortality, particularly in urban settings with elevated concentrations of primary pollutants. Air pollution is a very complex mixture of primary and secondary gases and particles, and its potential to...

  • More risk factors mean more severe CAD in the young as well as the old.  // Modern Medicine;Aug98, Vol. 66 Issue 8, p12 

    Presents an abstract of the article `Association between multiple cardiovascular risk factors and atherosclerosis in children and young adults,' by G.S. Berenson, S.R. Srinivasa, W. Bao, et al, from the `New England Journal of Medicine' dated June 4, 1998.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics