Perineural spread of rhino-orbitocerebral mucormycosis caused by Apophysomyces elegans

Parsi, Kirti; Itgampalli, Raghavendra K.; Vittal R.; Kumar, Anjani
July 2013
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology;Jul2013, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p414
Academic Journal
Rhino-orbitocerebral mucormycosis (ROCM) is a fungal infection commonly affecting individuals with diabetes and those in immunocompromised states. However, infections caused by Apophysomyces elegans can involve immunocompetent individuals. The invasion pattern of cerebral mucormycosis is somewhat predictable and may occur by direct invasion or hematogenous spread. Perineural spread of the disease is unusual. Here, we report the first case of perineural extension of ROCM caused by A. elegans along the trigeminal nerve in a 25-year-old immunocompetent, nondiabetic individual.


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