Cochlear Delivery of Fibroblast Growth Factor 1 and Its Effects on Apoptosis and Cell Cycling in Noise-Exposed Guinea Pig Ears

David, Eytan A.; Jackson-Boeters, Linda; Daley, Tom; Macrae, Duncan L.
September 2002
Journal of Otolaryngology;Sep/Oct2002, Vol. 31 Issue 5, p304
Academic Journal
Objectives: Acidic fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF-1) is a mitogen and antiapoptotic factor synthesized by cochlear neurons and transported to the organ of Corti. The objectives of this investigation were threefold: (1) to develop an animal model to study the cochlear effects of intratympanic delivery of FGF-1; (2) to determine the distribution, in the mature mammalian cochlea, of FGF-1 and the receptor, FGFR3, to which it binds with high affinity; and (3) to examine the effect of exogenous FGF-1 on cochlear apoptotic and cell-cycling markers in noise and non-noise-exposed guinea pigs ears. Methods: Fifteen adult Hartley guinea pigs were divided into three groups. Group 1 animals (n = 5) underwent direct placement of FGF-1 in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) (20 µg/mL) soaked Gelfoam pledgets to the right round window membrane. Phosphate buffered saline—soaked Gelfoam pledgets were placed on the left round window membrane as a control. In group 2 animals (n = 5), surgical placement of either FGF-1 or PBS was followed by exposure to 120 dB of white noise for 2 hours. Group 3 animals (n = 5) were subjected to identical noise conditions prior to undergoing round window application of either FGF-1 or PBS. All groups were allowed to recover in a noise-controlled environment for 12 hours following surgery. Anti-FGF-1-stained Western blots and optical densitometry analyses were used to quantitate passage of FGF-1 into cochlear perilymph. Standard in situ immunohistochemical techniques were used to stain each cochlea for FGF-1 and FGFR3, apoptotic markers p53 and p21, Bcl-2, and the cell-cycling marker proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Tissue sections were subjected to the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end-labelling technique (TUNEL) for apoptosis. Results: Western blot and optical densitometry analyses of cochlear perilymph showed increased concentrations of FGF-1 in 10 of 14 experimental cochleas....


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