Growth stimulation of Microcystis aeruginosa by a bacterium from hyper-eutrophic water (Taihu Lake, China)

Du, Jingjing; Zhao, Guiying; Wang, Fangyuan; Zhao, Dong; Chen, Xiaoxiao; Zhang, Shuren; Jia, Yong; Tian, Xingjun
September 2013
Aquatic Ecology;Sep2013, Vol. 47 Issue 3, p303
Academic Journal
Cyanobacteria are the causative organisms of the algal blooms that occur in Taihu Lake. Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) comprises a significant composition of nitrogen (N) pool in the water and may increase the nutrient source of microalgae. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between Microcystis aeruginosa, Pseudomonas sp. A3CT isolated from Taihu, and DON compounds. Co-incubation (3 days) of the bacterium with six DON compounds (four free amino acids and two combined amino acids) was collected as six decomposed DON solutions. The decomposed DON solutions of six compounds were used to test the stimulatory effect of nutrient regeneration by the bacterium. The growth of M. aeruginosa was significantly enhanced by the six decomposed DON solutions. M. aeruginosa grew much better under the six decomposed DON solutions than the corresponding undigested DON forms. Especially, the decomposed l-lysine solution, not only avoided the inhibiting effect of lysine on M. aeruginosa, but significantly promoted the cyanobacterial growth. Further chemical tests indicated that A3CT transformed DON into NH, which was utilized by M. aeruginosa. These results demonstrate that the bacterium plays an important role in decomposing unavailable DON forms into available NH, which suggests that the bacterium contributes to the fast growth of M. aeruginosa. Moreover, this phenomenon, in conjunction with previous studies, indicates that the responsible and effective way of harmful blooms is reducing the N and P inputs (including DON and DOP).


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