TITLE

Dopamine D1 receptor protein is elevated in nucleus accumbens of human, chronic methamphetamine users

AUTHOR(S)
Worsley, J.N.; Moszczynska, A.; Falardeau, P.; Kalasinsky, K.S.; Schmunk, G.; Guttman, M.; Furukawa, Y.; Ang, L.; Adams, V.; Reiber, G.; Anthony, R.A.; Wickham, D.; Kish, S.J.
PUB. DATE
November 2000
SOURCE
Molecular Psychiatry;2000, Vol. 5 Issue 6, p664
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Animal data have long suggested that an adaptive upregulation of nucleus accumbens dopamine D1 receptor function might underlie part of the dependency on drugs of abuse. We measured by quantitative immunoblotting protein levels of dopamine D1 and, for comparison, D2 receptors in brain of chronic users of methamphetamine, cocaine, and heroin. As compared with the controls, brain dopamine D1 receptor concentrations were selectively increased (by 44%) in the nucleus accumbens of the methamphetamine users, whereas a trend was observed in this brain area for reduced protein levels of the dopamine D2 receptor in all three drug groups (-25 to -37%; P < 0.05 for heroin group only). Our data support the hypothesis that aspects of the drug-dependent state in human methamphetamine users might be related to increased dopamine D1 receptor function in limbic brain.
ACCESSION #
8988240

 

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