Expert Systems for Solid Waste Management: a Review

Ahuja, Neelu Jyothi; Bahukhandi, Kanchan Deoli
July 2012
International Review on Computers & Software;Jul2012, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p1608
Academic Journal
Management of municipal solid waste is an integral part of environmental management particularly in urban areas. In many developing countries, its handling and scientific disposal are given low priority raising concern towards its impact and adverse affects on human health. The cities which have seen rapid economic development owing to urbanization and industrialization have been affected significantly, as the infrastructural development has not been able to keep pace. One of the primary reasons is improper planning, lack of domain expertise and a need to channelize it in a proper guided manner. One of identified solutions has been the development of a well rounded strategically planned approach integrated with domain knowledge targeted towards guided and monitored implementation. This is where the expert systems as knowledge-based tools, have stepped in, to integrate various aspects of solid waste management. These systems have evolved over a period of time as integrated need-of-the-hour, low-cost and environmentally acceptable technology solutions. Their role has been not only to disseminate knowledge and fill the gap, but also to assist various functions such as analysis, planning, forecasting of related data, extended to identification of problems in waste-treatment plants, landfills and generating advice, and maturing up to overall support to the management teams at various levels in the administration hierarchy. This paper surveys expert systems development in the domain of solid waste management, exploring how they have been practically put to use to this effect.


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