TITLE

Monuments and Memories

AUTHOR(S)
Butterfield, Andrew
PUB. DATE
February 2003
SOURCE
New Republic;2/3/2003, Vol. 228 Issue 4, p27
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Discusses the design proposals for rebuilding the World Trade Center in New York City and their relevance in memorializing the victims of the September 11 terrorist attacks, and discusses the meaning of monuments. The death of the monument has been proclaimed many times, most famously by Lewis Mumford in The Culture of Cities in 1938, where he argued that monuments have lost their aesthetic and social legitimacy. Unfortunately, the haze of modernist theory still clouds the minds of many architects and planners. They themselves exemplify the dogmatic mentality that they decry in others. They know relatively little about the history, the function, and the variety of monuments, and yet they still presume, like Mumford, that architecture and urbanism is all that remembrance requires. This attitude is manifest in many of the designs and the statements of the architects of the master plans for the World Trade Center site. None of the contestants deny the memorial impulse at Ground Zero, but many of them wish to replace the traditional form of the monument, which is primarily petrean and sculptural, with a new one that will be architectural and urbanistic. Critiques of designs by Norman Foster, Daniel Libeskind, Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, and others. Explanation of monuments and their function.
ACCESSION #
8970641

 

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