TITLE

Motives, beliefs and attitudes towards waterpipe tobacco smoking: a systematic review

AUTHOR(S)
Akl, Elie A.; Jawad, Mohammed; Lam, Wai Yim; Co, Christopher N.; Obeid, Rawad; Irani, Jihad
PUB. DATE
August 2013
SOURCE
Harm Reduction Journal;2013, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: In spite of the negative health effects of waterpipe tobacco smoking, its use is becoming more common. The objective of this study is to systematically review the medical literature for motives, beliefs and attitudes towards waterpipe tobacco smoking. Methods: We electronically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the ISI the Web of Science in January 2012. We included both quantitative and qualitative studies. We selected studies and abstracted data using standard systematic review methodology. We synthesized data qualitatively. Results: We included 58 papers reporting on 56 studies. The main motives for waterpipe tobacco smoking were socializing, relaxation, pleasure and entertainment. Peer pressure, fashion, and curiosity were additional motives for university and school students while expression of cultural identity was an additional motive for people in the Middle East and for people of Middle Eastern descent in Western countries. Awareness of the potential health hazards of waterpipe smoking was common across settings. Most but not all studies found that the majority of people perceived waterpipe smoking as less harmful than cigarette smoking. Waterpipe smoking was generally socially acceptable and more acceptable than cigarette smoking in general. In Middle Eastern societies, it was particularly more acceptable for women's use compared to cigarette use. A majority perceived waterpipe smoking as less addictive than cigarette smoking. While users were confident in their ability to quit waterpipe smoking at any time, willingness to quit varied across settings. Conclusions: Socializing, relaxation, pleasure and entertainment were the main motives for waterpipe use. While waterpipe users were aware of the health hazards of waterpipe smoking, they perceived it as less harmful, less addictive and more socially acceptable than cigarette smoking and were confident about their ability to quit.
ACCESSION #
89687535

 

Related Articles

  • The Smoker and His Conscience.  // America;4/2/1960, Vol. 103 Issue 1, p9 

    The article focuses on the health hazards of cigarette smoking. It notes on the evidence that links the relationship of heavy cigarette smoking and lung cancer, strengthened by the tobacco involvement. Moreover, the involvement strengthened the indication of tobacco as the greatest killer...

  • Smoking Status, Physical Health–Related Quality of Life, and Mortality in Middle-Aged and Older Women. Holahan, Carole K.; Holahan, Charles J.; North, Rebecca J.; Hayes, Rashelle B.; Powers, Daniel A.; Ockene, Judith K. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Mar2013, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p662 

    Introduction: Women who smoke, particularly older women, have been relatively neglected in smoking research. There is a lack of knowledge concerning the relation of level of smoking to quality of life and mortality among middle-aged and older women smokers. Methods: This study examined the...

  • Raucherentwöhnung in der Praxis: Der Hausarzt ist das beste Medikament! Clerc, Olivier // Praxis (16618157);5/8/2013, Vol. 102 Issue 10, p565 

    No abstract available.

  • Perceived risks and benefits of cigarette smoking among Nepalese adolescents: a population-based cross-sectional study. Aryal, Umesh Raj; Petzold, Max; Krettek, Alexandra // BMC Public Health;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: The perceived risks and benefits of smoking may play an important role in determining adolescents' susceptibility to initiating smoking. Our study examined the perceived risks and benefits of smoking among adolescents who demonstrated susceptibility or non susceptibility to smoking...

  • Assessment of Impact of Cigarette Cautionary Labels in Warning People about the Smoking Hazards: Survey in Smokers and Non-smokers of Bahawalpur region. Ahmad, Saeed; Khaliq, Farhan Hameed; Mushtaq, Zara; Madni, Asad Ullah; Irshad, Sajid; Shaukat, Umar // Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science;Jun2013, Vol. 3 Issue 6, p121 

    Health warnings on cigarette packages are the widespread means of communicating the health threats of smoking. On the other hand, a small number of investigations have estimated the force of package cautions on customer information about tobacco harm threats. The ultimate goal of the research...

  • Beliefs and Intentions of Restaurant Patrons Regarding Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Smoke-Free Ordinances. Williams Jr., Ronald; Barnes, Jeremy; Humphries, Ryan; Hunt, Barry; Henry, Eric // Missouri Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dan;2011, Vol. 21, p123 

    Businesses, such as restaurants and bars, are encouraged in many communities, to provide smoke free environments due to acknowledged health risks associated with second hand smoke exposure. Resistance to these changes by business owners is often attributed to concerns over possible loss of...

  • Mutagenicity of smoke condensates from Canadian cigarettes with different design features. Mladjenovic, Nemanja; Maertens, Rebecca M.; White, Paul A.; Soo, Evelyn C. // Mutagenesis;Jan2014, Vol. 29 Issue 1, p7 

    There is currently limited knowledge regarding the impact of different cigarette designs on the toxicological properties of cigarette smoke condensate (CSC). This study used the Salmonella Mutagenicity Assay to examine the mutagenic activity of mainstream CSCs from 11 commercial Canadian...

  • Secondhand Smoke Exposure Among Canadians: Cotinine and Self-Report Measures From the Canadian Health Measures Survey 2007–2009. Wong, Suzy L.; Malaison, Eric; Hammond, David; Leatherdale, Scott T. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Mar2013, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p693 

    Introduction: Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is associated with numerous adverse health effects, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, asthma, respiratory infections, and decreased pulmonary function. This study provides population estimates of SHS exposure among the Canadian nonsmoking...

  • Perceptions of Smoking-Related Risk and Worry Among Dual-Smoker Couples. Ranby, Krista W.; Lewis, Megan A.; Toll, Benjamin A.; Rohrbaugh, Michael J.; Lipkus, Isaac M. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Mar2013, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p734 

    Introduction: Quit rates are lower and relapse rates are higher for people in close relationships with a partner who smokes. Although desire to quit is often related to health concerns for one’s self, much less is known about psychosocial factors associated with quitting in dual-smoker...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics