TITLE

Presence of Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors In Children

AUTHOR(S)
Scott, Leslie K.
PUB. DATE
July 2013
SOURCE
Pediatric Nursing;Jul/Aug2013, Vol. 39 Issue 4, p190
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study aimed to identify the prevalence of type 2 diabetes risk factors among elementary school-age children and determine eligibility for type 2 diabetes screening. A cross-sectional review of 971 school-based health clinic medical records of children in grades 1 through 5 was conducted. Relationships of risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus were examined to determine the prevalence of these risk factors in elementary school-age children. Screening guidelines for type 2 diabetes were applied to determine the prevalence of students meeting criteria for further screening. Almost 40% of the students had a body mass index (BMI) above the 85th percentile for age and gender. Forty-nine percent of the students belonged to a high-risk ethnic group. Acanthosis nigricans, an indicator of insulin resistance, was identified in nearly 27% of the student records. Forty-eight percent of the records identified the student as having a family history of diabetes. Significant correlations were found between the presence of acanthosis nigricans, high BMI, and a family history of diabetes. According to screening guidelines for type 2 diabetes in children, 39.3% of the elementary school children 10 years of age and older were eligible for type 2 diabetes screening. Almost 40% of children younger than 10 years of age had risk factors associated with screening criteria. These findings support the need for early detection of high-risk children and intervention strategies to decrease modifiable risk factors in elementary school-age children. The school nurse is in a pivotal role of identifying such at-risk students during annual, routine health screening practices.
ACCESSION #
89643384

 

Related Articles

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics