Hybrid electro-optic polymer and selectively buried sol-gel waveguides

Enami, Y.; Meredith, G.; Peyghambarian, N.; Kawazu, M.; Jen, A. K.-Y.
January 2003
Applied Physics Letters;1/27/2003, Vol. 82 Issue 4, p490
Academic Journal
An approach to utilizing electro-optically (EO) active polymers in hybrid waveguide structures is described and demonstrated. Buried sol-gel waveguides provide a robust basis for planar integrated circuitry, suitable for coupling with optical fibers. By selectively exposing the core of a buried channel guide, overcoating with an EO polymer, and using appropriately tapered transition zones, a guided mode can be made to undergo adiabatic transitions from sol-gel waveguide up into the EO polymer and back. Such a single-mode device was constructed. These transitions were proven via modulation of the emerging wave's polarization ellipse by application of voltage to the EO polymer.


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