Epidemiological Review on Factors Determining Prevalence of HIV among Migrant Males of Nepal

Khanal, V.; Karkee, R.
January 2012
Internet Journal of Epidemiology;2012, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p1
Academic Journal
Migration is long standing phenomenon for Nepalese population. Migrated population are at higher risk of HIV infection. The objective of this article is to examine the risk factors that are associated with higher prevalence of HIV among migrant labours of Nepal. This review found that HIV prevalence, though decreased from 8.5% in 2002 to 1.1% in 2008, is still high among migrants. Multiple factors are associated with the risk of HIV prevalence in migrant group. The major determinants includes behavioural, social, environmental and health system capacity. Among migrants the rate of condom use was very low ( 17.7%) but visit to female sex workers and extramarital partners were found high. Peer pressure, low perceived risk of contracting disease, and less access to condom were some of the factors which hindered condom use. Availability of economically feasible service of female sex workers was another factor associated with high prevalence of the disease. Limited health system capacity is a cross cutting issue which has contributed in outnumbering this group from the main stream focus of HIV prevention effort. Unsafe sexual behaviour was the major determinant of HIV among migrants of Nepal. This review concludes that efforts of HIV prevention should be directed to migrants of rural areas to reduce the risk of spread of the disease.


Related Articles

  • HIV Prevalence, Risk Behavior, Hormone Use and Surgical History Among Transgender Persons in Thailand. Guadamuz, Thomas E.; Wimonsate, Wipas; Varangrat, Anchalee; Phanuphak, Praphan; Jommaroeng, Rapeepun; McNicholl, Janet M.; Mock, Philip A.; Tappero, Jordan W.; Griensven, Frits van // AIDS & Behavior;Apr2011, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p650 

    While Male-to-female transgender persons (TG) are believed to often engage in sex work and have high HIV infection risk, little is known about demographics, surgical and hormone use history, risk behaviors and HIV prevalence. Between March and October 2005, 474 TG from Bangkok, Chiangmai, and...

  • A Comparison of HIV Infection and Related Risks Among Male Sex Workers in Different Venues in Shenzhen, China. Jin Zhao; Wen-De Cai; Lin Chen; Jin-Kou Zhao; Yong-Xia Gan; Yun-Yun Zi; Zheng-Rong Yang; Mason, Katherine A.; Jin-Quan Cheng; Xiao-Rong Wang; Ming-Liang He // AIDS & Behavior;Apr2011, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p635 

    Different risks of HIV infection have been reported among different types of male sex workers (MSW). In order to compare the prevalence of HIV infection and related risk behaviors of MSW in different venues in Shenzhen, China, a time-location sampling survey was conducted in 2008. 5.1% of the...

  • Risk behaviours among male clients of female prostitutes. Barnard, Marina A.; McKegany, Neil P.; Leyland, Alastair H. // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);8/7/93, Vol. 307 Issue 6900, p361 

    Examines the risk behaviors among male clients of female prostitutes in Glasgow, Scotland. Investigation on the risk of male partners to HIV infection; Consideration on the background of clients; Use of condoms in most commercial sexual contacts.

  • HIV-Related Behavioral Studies of Men Who Have Sex with Men in China: A Systematic Review and Recommendations for Future Research. Yan Guo; Xiaoming Li; Stanton, Bonita // AIDS & Behavior;Apr2011, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p521 

    HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) has increased significantly in China since early 2000, with MSM accounting for 32.5% of the newly infected HIV cases in China in 2009. This study reviews a total of 33 studies published in English literature on MSM in China from 2000 to 2009....

  • Socio-demographic, Behavioral and Health Characteristics of Underage Female Sex Workers in Mozambique: The Need to Protect a Generation from HIV Risk. Inguane, Celso; Horth, Roberta; Miranda, Angélica; Young, Peter; Sathane, Isabel; Cummings, Beverley; Augusto, Ângelo; Raymond, Henry; Mcfarland, Willi // AIDS & Behavior;Dec2015, Vol. 19 Issue 12, p2184 

    Characteristics, HIV risk, and program coverage for underage female sex workers (FSW) are rarely systematically described worldwide. We compared characteristics of underage (15-17 years old) and adult (≥18 years old) FSW in three main urban areas of Mozambique (Maputo, Beira and Nampula)...

  • HIV infection and related risk behaviours among female sex workers in greater Cairo, Egypt. Kabbash, I.A.; Abdul-Rahman, I.; Shehata, Y.A.; Omar, A.A-R. // Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal;Sep2012, Vol. 18 Issue 9, p920 

    Although illegal in Egypt, prostitution exists. The prevalence of HIV infection among female sex workers (FSWs) in Cairo is not precisely known. This cross-sectional study investigated the high-risk behaviour for HIV infection and HIV prevalence among FSWs in greater Cairo. A total of 431 FSWs...

  • Informing HIV prevention efforts targeting Liberian youth: a study using the PLACE method in Liberia. McCarraher, Donna R.; Chen, Mario; Wambugu, Sam; Sortijas, Steve; Succop, Stacey; Aiyengba, Bolatito; Okigbo, Chinelo C.; Pack, Allison // Reproductive Health;2013, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p54 

    Preventing HIV infection among young people is a priority for the Liberian government. Data on the young people in Liberia are scarce but needed to guide HIV programming efforts. Methods We used the Priorities for Local AIDS Control Efforts (PLACE) method to gather information on risk behaviors...

  • Sexual Risk Behaviors for HIV Infection in Spanish Male Sex Workers: Differences According to Educational Level, Country of Origin and Sexual Orientation. Ballester, R.; Salmerón, P.; Gil, M.; Gómez, S. // AIDS & Behavior;May2012, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p960 

    The stigma associated with male sex workers (MSW) hinders the prevention, treatment, and care of HIV infection in this population. These factors make social and public health resources less accessible to MSW. To improve the effectiveness of prevention strategies, this study examines social...

  • Prostitution and risk of HIV: male partners of female prostitutes. Day, Sophie; Ward, Helen; Perrotta, Louise // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);8/7/93, Vol. 307 Issue 6900, p359 

    Describes the risk behavior for infection with HIV among male sexual partners of female prostitutes in London, England. Analysis on the risk of viral transmission in homosexual contact; Determination of patterns on the use of condoms; Consideration on the frequency of contact with prostitutes.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics