Prevalence of Psychological Resistance to Voluntary Counselling and Testing of HIV/AIDS among Students of Tertiary Institutions in Kano State, Nigeria

Haruna, A. S.
November 2012
World Academy of Science, Engineering & Technology;2012, Issue 71, p1832
Academic Journal
The incessant resistance to Voluntary Counselling and Testing exhibited by students in some tertiary institutions in Kano State is capable of jeopardizing the purpose of HIV intervention. This study investigated the prevalence of Psychological Resistance to Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) of HIV/AIDS among students of tertiary institutions in the state. To achieve this, two null hypotheses were postulated and tested. A cross-sectional survey design was employed in which 1512 students were proportionately sampled from 15 conventional tertiary institutions in the state following simple stratified random sampling. A self-developed 20- item scale known as Psychological Resistance to Voluntary Counselling and Testing Inventory (PRVCTI) was used for data collection. Data obtained was analyzed via chi-square and t-test statistics at 0.05 level of confidence. Results reveal relative prevalence of psychological resistance to VCT among students in the various institutions. Recommendations offered suggest the use of Para-Counsellors (Muslim Clerics) in collaboration with Muslim Students' Society (MSS) for VCT programme in school settings.


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