TITLE

Cells with clonal light chains are present in peripheral blood at diagnosis and in apheretic stem cell harvests of primary amyloidosis

AUTHOR(S)
Perfetti, V; Ubbiali, P; Magni, M; Vignarelli, M Colli; Casarini, S; Matteucci, P; Gianni, A M; Merlini, G
PUB. DATE
February 1999
SOURCE
Bone Marrow Transplantation;2/15/99, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p323
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In primary systemic amyloidosis, small numbers of bone marrow plasma cells secrete monoclonal light chains that form extracellular fibrils (amyloid) in various organs. Evidence limited to a few cases suggests that rare clonal elements can also be found in the peripheral blood (PB), and this may be relevant in PB stem cell autotransplantation. Since up to 40% of amyloid clones do not synthesize heavy chains, in order to detect tumor cells with high specificity and sensitivity we developed a seminested allele-specific oligonucleotide polymerase chain reaction for tumor light chains. Clone-related sequences were detected in DNA and/or cDNA from the PB cells of eight of 10 patients at diagnosis and from apheretic collections of three of four cases undergoing PB progenitor autotransplantation. Since there are experimental data suggesting that circulating tumor cells may be involved in the growth of the amyloidogenic clone and may be chemoresistant, these findings are relevant to the use of leukapheresis purging strategies for PB progenitor autotransplantation in amyloidosis.
ACCESSION #
8888942

 

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