Statin-Associated Polymyositis Following Omeprazole Treatment

Kanth, Rajan; Shah, Milind S.; Flores, Rafael Medina
June 2013
Clinical Medicine & Research;Jun2013, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p91
Academic Journal
Statins are an extensively used class of drugs, and myopathy is an uncommon, but well-described side effect of statin therapy. Inflammatory myopathies, including polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and necrotizing autoimmune myopathy, are even more rare, but debilitating, side effects of statin therapy that are characterized by the persistence of symptoms even after discontinuation of the drug. It is important to differentiate statin-associated inflammatory myopathies from other self-limited myopathies, as the disease often requires multiple immunosuppressive therapies. Drug interactions increase the risk of statin-associated toxic myopathy, but no risk factors for statin-associated inflammatory myopathies have been established. Here we describe the case of a man, age 59 years, who had been treated with a combination of atorvastatin and gemfibrozil for approximately 5 years and developed polymyositis after treatment with omeprazole for 7 months. Symptoms did not resolve after discontinuation of the atorvastatin, gemfibrozil, and omeprazole. The patient was treated with prednisone and methotrexate followed by intravenous immunoglobulin, which resulted in normalization of creatinine kinase levels and resolution of symptoms after 14 weeks. It is unclear if polymyositis was triggered by interaction of the statin with omeprazole and/or gemfibrozil, or if it developed secondary to long-term use of atorvastatin only.


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