TITLE

Antibiotics and enzymes produced by the biocontrol agent Streptomyces violaceusniger YCED-9

AUTHOR(S)
Trejo-Estrada, S R; Paszczynski, A; Crawford, D L
PUB. DATE
August 1998
SOURCE
Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology;Aug98, Vol. 21 Issue 1/2, p81
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Streptomyces violaceusniger strain YCED-9 is an antifungal biocontrol agent antagonistic to many different classes of plant pathogenic fungi. We discovered that strain YCED-9 produces three antimicrobial compounds with antifungal activity. These compounds were purified and identified, and included: AFA (Anti-Fusarium Activity), a fungicidal complex of polyene-like compounds similar to guanidylfungin A and active against most fungi except oomycetes; nigericin, a fungistatic polyether; and geldanamycin, a benzoquinoid polyketide highly inhibitory of mycelial growth of Pythium and Phytophthora spp. Antimicrobial assays were developed to estimate the production of each antibiotic independently. Medium composition had differential effects on the production of each metabolite. The hydrolytic enzymes chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase are also produced under induction by colloidal chitin and laminarin, respectively. Fungal cell walls induced the production of both enzymes. A potential for biological control of diseases caused by P. infestans was also suggested by strain YCED-9's strong in vitro antagonism towards pathogenic isolates of this fungus.
ACCESSION #
8887652

 

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