Fatwa Management Of Zakat (Alms) Based on the Sect of Shafi'i: Experience in Terengganu, Malaysia

Wan Hassan, Wan Zulkifli; Alias, Jamsari; Kasan, Hasnan; Mohamad, Zulkifli; Basir@Ahmad, Aminudin; Umar, Azizi
July 2012
Advances in Natural & Applied Sciences;2012, Vol. 6 Issue 7, p1194
Academic Journal
One of the most important things that needs to be emphasized when it comes to deciding on a fatwa is zakat (giving alms). This is because alms is the most substantial government income and therefore, it requires the best kind of management, be it from the acquisition perspective or the distribution. Alms management constantly confronts with the changing environments, be it in terms of the acquisition and alms distribution. One of the reasons for this is that there are some parts of the assets that have never existed in the earlier era. Realizing this, the discussion on this issue should be handled by those who are qualified in the particular field. It is of interest to know how the management of fatwa of alms in Malaysia, for instance in Terengganu is carried out. Does it still firmly uphold the fundamentals of Shafi'i? Therefore, this article will take a close look at the extent of the influence of the sect in the fatwa management concerning alms. The main approach used in this article is through the field study and the previous analysis of written materials. The data obtained have been edited and analysed qualitatively. Studies find out that it really does exist, the influence of the sect of Syafi'i in the fatwa management in Terengganu including the matter of management of alms' fatwa. This is based on the (Terenganu) Islamic Affairs Administration Enactment 2001 relating to the procedure of issuing fatwa. Nonetheless, if it goes against the interests of the Muslim society, therefore, any management is free to choose any opinion from scholars of other sects in order for it to be applied.


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