TITLE

Biochemical characterisation during seed development of oil palm ( Elaeis guineensis)

AUTHOR(S)
Kok, Sau-Yee; Namasivayam, Parameswari; Ee, Gwendoline; Ong-Abdullah, Meilina
PUB. DATE
July 2013
SOURCE
Journal of Plant Research;Jul2013, Vol. 126 Issue 4, p539
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Developmental biochemical information is a vital base for the elucidation of seed physiology and metabolism. However, no data regarding the biochemical profile of oil palm ( Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) seed development has been reported thus far. In this study, the biochemical changes in the developing oil palm seed were investigated to study their developmental pattern. The biochemical composition found in the seed differed significantly among the developmental stages. During early seed development, the water, hexose (glucose and fructose), calcium and manganese contents were present in significantly high levels compared to the late developmental stage. Remarkable changes in the biochemical composition were observed at 10 weeks after anthesis (WAA): the dry weight and sucrose content increased significantly, whereas the water content and hexose content declined. The switch from a high to low hexose/sucrose ratio could be used to identify the onset of the maturation phase. At the late stage, dramatic water loss occurred, whereas the content of storage reserves increased progressively. Lauric acid was the most abundant fatty acid found in oil palm seed starting from 10 WAA.
ACCESSION #
88428418

 

Related Articles

  • Improved Method for Estimating Soil Moisture Deficit in Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) Areas With Limited Climatic Data. Bakoumé, Claude; Shahbudin, Norhazela; Yacob, Shahrakbah; Cheah See Siang; Ali Thambi, Mohamad Nazeeb // Journal of Agricultural Science (1916-9752);Aug2013, Vol. 5 Issue 8, p57 

    Widespread water deficit is expected to depress growth and yields of oil palms, which sustain daily losses of water through evapotranspiration of 4-5 mm. While accurate predictions for soil moisture deficit are essential for supplying water to plants through irrigation when rainfall is...

  • EFEITOS DE POTENCIAIS HÍDRICOS DO SUBSTRATO E TEORES DE ÁGUA DAS SEMENTES NA GERMINAÇÃO DE FEIJÃO. FORTI, VICTOR AUGUSTO; CICERO, SILVIO MOURE; PINTO, TAIS LEITE FERREIRA // Revista Brasileira de Sementes;2009, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p63 

    Many environment's factor can affect the germination, among them, the water availability and the seeds moisture content are important. The objective of the present investigation was to verify the influence of water availability of the substratum and moisture content of several cultivars of beans...

  • Germinação de sementes de Urochloa ruziziensis em função da disponibilidade hídrica do substrato e teor de água das sementes. Masetto, Tathiana Elisa; Ribeiro, Dágon Manoel; Silva Rezende, Rodrigo Kelson // Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical;out-dez2013, Vol. 43 Issue 4, p385 

    Water stress and seed water content can affect the first germination stages and disturb the full pasture establishment. This study aimed at evaluating the effect of substrate water availability and seed water content on the germination of Urochloa ruziziensis seeds, as well as verifying any...

  • Constituent changes associated with seeds development of Camellia oleifera Abel. ZHOU Chang-fu; YAO Xiao-hua; LIN Ping; WANG Kai-liang; CHANG Jun; MO Run-hong // Chinese Journal of Oil Crop Sciences;2013, Vol. 35 Issue 6, p680 

    To study the changes of constituents in Camellia oleifera Abel among different growth stages, the seeds of the Changlin 4, Changlin 40 and Changlin 166 were picked from May to October. Their seeds weight, relative amount of water, oil, protein, starch, soluble sugar and tea saponin in seeds were...

  • Métodos e temperaturas de hidratação na qualidade fisiológica de sementes de milho. Zucareli, Claudemir; Cavariani, Cláudio; de Paiva Oliveira, Eliege Aparecida; Nakagawa, João // Revista Ciência Agronômica;Jul2011, Vol. 42 Issue 3, p684 

    The procedure to standardize and increase the water content of seeds is recommended to achieve consistent results and reliable tests for the physiological quality of seeds, such as accelerated aging and controlled deterioration. The study aimed to evaluate the physiological quality of corn seeds...

  • Evaluation of Water Stress Impact on the Parameter Values in Stomatal Conductance Models Using Tower Flux Measurement of a Boreal Aspen Forest. Wang, Shusen // Journal of Hydrometeorology;Feb2012, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p239 

    The impact of water stress on plant stomatal conductance ( g) has been widely studied but with little consensus as to the processes governing its responses. The photosynthesis-driven stomatal conductance models usually employ constant model parameters and attribute the decrease of g from water...

  • Watering Basics for Your Windowsill Plants. Murphy, Donna M.; Duea, Angela Williams // Complete Guide to Creating Windowsill Plants: Everything You Nee;2009, p171 

    The article discusses the watering requirements for windowsill gardens. It tackles the significance of determining the proper amount of water for windowsill plants. It also mentions the effects of humidity and offers several techniques for adding more moisture to indoor air. The potential impact...

  • Genetic dissection of the developmental behaviours of plant height in wheat under diverse water regimes. Xianshan Wu; Zhenghang Wang; Xiaoping Chang; Ruilian Jing // Journal of Experimental Botany;Oct2010, Vol. 61 Issue 11, p2923 

    Plant height (PH), a crucial trait related to yield potential in crop plants, is known to be typically quantitatively inherited. However, its full expression can be inhibited by a limited water supply. In this study, the genetic basis of the developmental behaviour of PH was assessed in a...

  • The development of seasonal tree water deficit in Callitris intratropica. Drew, David M.; Richards, Anna E.; Downes, Geoffrey M.; Cook, Garry D.; Baker, Patrick // Tree Physiology;Sep2011, Vol. 31 Issue 9, p953 

    The tropical conifer Callitris intratropica (Cupressaceae) produces clear annual growth rings, and has been shown to be potentially useful for understanding past climate variability in northern Australia. As climate patterns in this region become less predictable, an understanding of plant...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics