TITLE

Standardized Patients in Audiology: A Proposal for a New Method of Evaluating Clinical Competence

AUTHOR(S)
Dinsmore, Brooke Freeman; Bohnert, Carrie; Preminger, Jill E.
PUB. DATE
May 2013
SOURCE
Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;May2013, Vol. 24 Issue 5, p372
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: While accrediting organizations require AuD programs to provide evidence that their students are able to demonstrate knowledge and competencies in specific content areas, there are no generally accepted mechanisms for the assessment and the measurement of these proficiencies. We propose that AuD programs consider developing standardized patient (SP) cases in order to develop consistent summative assessment programs within and across universities. Purpose: The purpose of this article is to provide a framework for establishing SP programs to evaluate competencies in AuD students by detailing the history of SP cases and their use, developing a rationale for this method of assessment, and outlining the steps for writing and implementing SP cases. Research Design: Literature review. Results: SPs have been used to assess clinical competence in medical students for over 50 yr. The prevalence of SP assessment in allied health professions (e.g., dentistry, psychology, pharmacy) has increased over the last two decades but has only gained a limited following in audiology. SP assessment has been implemented in medical education using the Objective Structured Clinical Examination, a multistation, timed exam that uses fictional cases to assess students' clinical abilities. To date, only one published report has been completed that evaluates the use of SPs to assess clinical abilities in audiology students. This article expands upon the work of English et al (2007) and their efforts to use SPs to evaluate counseling abilities. To this end, we describe the steps necessary to write a case, procedures to determine performance requirements, and the need to develop remediation plans. As an example, we include a case that we have developed in order to evaluate vestibular assessment and patient communication skills. Conclusions: Utilizing SP assessment in audiology education would provide useful means to evaluate competence in a uniform way. Future research is necessary to develop reliable and valid cases that may be implemented across programs. This article aims to serve as a call to audiology programs to begin developing and reporting these cases. Once these are established we can begin to use SP cases for summative assessment.
ACCESSION #
88088605

 

Related Articles

  • Telepractice in University Au.D. Programs: Survey of Program Directors. Wilson, Nichelle J.; Seal, Brenda C. // Perspectives on Telepractice;Sep2015, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p27 

    No abstract available.

  • Service Learning in Auditory Rehabilitation Courses: The University of Texas at Dallas. Cokely, Carol G.; Thibodeau, Linda M. // American Journal of Audiology;Dec2011, Vol. 20 Issue 2, pS233 

    Purpose: The aim of this work was to review service learning (SL) principles and its implementation into the auditory rehabilitation (AR) curriculum at the University of Texas at Dallas and to evaluate the courses to determine whether potential benefits of SL are worth the substantial time...

  • Demand for Audiology Services: 30-Yr Projections and Impact on Academic Programs. Windmill, Ian M.; Freeman, Barry A. // Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;May2013, Vol. 24 Issue 5, p407 

    Background: Significant growth in the U.S. population over the next 30 yr will likely increase the demand for hearing-care services. In addition, increased accessibility to hearing-care services may be realized due to increased insurance coverage associated with health-care reform efforts. In...

  • An Evidence-Based Guide to Clinical Instruction in Audiology. Mormer, Elaine; Palmer, Catherine; Messick, Cheryl; Jorgensen, Lindsey // Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;May2013, Vol. 24 Issue 5, p393 

    Background: A significant portion of the AuD curriculum occurs in clinical settings outside the classroom. Expert clinicians, employed within and outside of the university, are called upon to provide this clinical education. Most have had little or no formal training in clinical teaching yet...

  • Academic Programs, Class Sizes, and Obstacles to Growth in Audiology. Windmill, Ian M. // Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;May2013, Vol. 24 Issue 5, p417 

    Background: Over the past 25 yr, the number of academic programs in audiology has been cut by half, yet there continue to be calls for further reductions in the number of programs. Reducing the number of programs potentially affects the number of graduates and therefore could impact the...

  • Hearing the Writing on the Wall.  // Hearing Review;Dec2013, Vol. 20 Issue 13, p68 

    The article focuses on the four-year educational program developed by the Long Island Doctor of Audiology (AuD) Consortium. It states that AuD is one of the consortia that unites three universities aiming to build a program on teaching audiology on students in Northeastern U.S. It mentions that...

  • EXPLORING AUDIOLOGY IN SOUTH KOREA. HUNTER, LISA; GORDON, DORIS // Audiology Today;Mar/Apr2015, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p48 

    No abstract available.

  • Is There a Double Doctor in the House? GUSTAFSON, SAMANTHA // ASHA Leader;8/1/2013, Vol. 18 Issue 8, p58 

    A personal narrative is presented which explores the author's experience of pursuing a PhD after receiving her AuD from Arizona State University in 2012.

  • "Our Bright and Shining Future": A Commencement Message to Our Graduates. Jacobson, Gary P. // Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;Mar2013, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p156 

    The author in his address to audiology students welcomes them at their commencement which will be the beginning of their professional career. He mentions that the students have become part of the great audiology family tree and now have been equipped to carry forward the great legacy of...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics