Adaptation to seasonality and the winter freeze

Preston, Jill C.; Sandve, Simen R.
June 2013
Frontiers in Plant Science;Jun2013, Vol. 4, p1
Academic Journal
Flowering plants initially diversified during the Mesozoic era at least 140 million years ago in regions of the world where temperate seasonal environments were not encountered. Since then several cooling events resulted in the contraction of warm and wet environments and the establishment of novel temperate zones in both hemispheres. In response, less than half of modern angiosperm families have members that evolved specific adaptations to cold seasonal climates, including cold acclimation, freezing tolerance, endodormancy, and vernalization responsiveness. Despite compelling evidence for multiple independent origins, the level of genetic constraint on the evolution of adaptations to seasonal cold is not well understood. However, the recent increase in molecular genetic studies examining the response of model and crop species to seasonal cold offers new insight into the evolutionary lability of these traits. This insight has major implications for our understanding of complex trait evolution, and the potential role of local adaptation in response to past and future climate change. In this review, we discuss the biochemical, morphological, and developmental basis of adaptations to seasonal cold, and synthesize recent literature on the genetic basis of these traits in a phylogenomic context. We find evidence for multiple genetic links between distinct physiological responses to cold, possibly reinforcing the coordinated expression of these traits. Furthermore, repeated recruitment of the same or similar ancestral pathways suggests that land plants might be somewhat pre-adapted to dealing with temperature stress, perhaps making inducible cold traits relatively easy to evolve.


Related Articles

  • Quantitative aspects of stratigraphic onshore-offshore relationships along the western margin of southern Norway: implications for Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic topographic evolution. Sømme, Tor O.; Helland-Hansen, William; Martinsen, Ole J. // Norwegian Journal of Geology / Norsk Geologisk Forening;2013, Vol. 93 Issue 3/4, p261 

    One of the most debated topics in Norwegian geology relates to the long-term topographic evolution of the Norwegian margin and the link between onshore topography and offshore stratigraphy during the Phanerozoic. Different workers have attempted to address this topic quantitatively by relating...

  • Reconstructing the Late Palaeozoic -- Mesozoic topographic evolution of the Chinese Tian Shan: available data and remaining uncertainties. Jolivet, M.; Heilbronn, G.; Robin, C.; Barrier, L.; Bourquin, S.; Zh. Guo; Y. Jia; Guerit, L.; W. Yang; B. Fu // Advances in Geosciences;2013, Vol. 37, p7 

    The topographic evolution of continents and especially the growth and dismembering of mountain ranges plays a major role in the tectonic evolution of orogenic systems, as well as in regional or global climate changes. A large number of studies have concentrated on the description, quantification...

  • The Word: Vernalisation.  // New Scientist;8/4/2007, Vol. 195 Issue 2615, p51 

    The article discusses the effects of temperature on plants, also known as vernalization. The influence of cold on the reproductive process of plants is discussed. The author also comments on the expected reaction of plants to a rapidly changing climate, noting that some plants require an...

  • Effect of Climate Change on Status of Foliicolous Fungi from Bahraich U.P. India. Mall, T. P.; Kumar, Ajay // Indian Journal of Pathology: Research & Practice;Jul-Dec2015, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p109 

    The present report elucidates a rich and unique profile of Mycobial as well as Phytodiversity of research area surveyed with forty three Angiospermices host plants representing forty one genera and twenty four families being parasitized by thirty five fungal species representing sixteen fungal...

  • Mesozoic age of the last episode of high-temperature metamorphism of the Sutam block of the Stanovoi suture. Kotov, A.; Velikoslavinskii, S.; Sal'nikova, E.; Sorokin, A.; Kovach, V.; Zagornaya, N.; Yakovleva, S.; Tolmacheva, E.; Plotkina, Yu. // Doklady Earth Sciences;Jul2015, Vol. 463 Issue 1, p668 

    The U-Pb (zircon) age of 250 ± 1 Ma was determined for differentiated gabbro-monzonite intrusions, which were formed prior to metamorphism of high-temperature amphibolite facies of high pressures in the southeastern part of the Sutam block of the Stanovoi suture. These data indicate that this...

  • Burial history and thermal maturity of Mesozoic rocks of the Dolomites, Northern Italy. Grobe, Arne; Littke, Ralf; Sachse, Victoria; Leythaeuser, Detlev // Swiss Journal of Geosciences;Dec2015, Vol. 108 Issue 2/3, p253 

    Thermal maturity analyses provide a valid basis to reconstruct the burial and temperature history of sedimentary rocks. In combination with computer based modeling it is possible to quantify former overburden and erosional thickness. This study was carried out to analyze thermal maturity and...

  • In-silico prediction of an uncharacterized protein generated from heat responsive SSH library in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Padaria, Jasdeep Chatrath; Bhatt, Deepesh; Biswas, Koushik; Singh, Gagandeep; Raipuria, Rajkumar // Plant OMICS: Journal of Plant Molecular Biology & Omics;Mar2013, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p150 

    Wheat is exposed to various abiotic stresses at different stages of its life cycle leading to severe decline in productivity. With rapid climate changes, high temperature stress is a major limitation to wheat production. Certain cultivars of wheat display a tolerant response to heat stress....

  • Climate change to hit UK less hard? Nelson, Paul; Abel, Charles // Farmers Weekly;5/20/2005, Vol. 142 Issue 20, p59 

    Reports on the probability that Great Britain would not be affected by climate change than any other parts of the world according to the speakers at a Royal Society meeting in the region in 2005. Tendency of southern and central Europe to experience water shortages and crop temperature...

  • Polar Microalgae: New Approaches towards Understanding Adaptations to an Extreme and Changing Environment. Lyon, Barbara R.; Mock, Thomas // Biology (2079-7737);Mar2014, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p56 

    Polar Regions are unique and highly prolific ecosystems characterized by extreme environmental gradients. Photo synthetic autotrophs, the base of the food web, have had to adapt physiological mechanisms to maintain growth, reproduction and metabolic activity despite environmental conditions that...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics