Fine-root carbon and nitrogen concentration of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) in Italy Prealps: possible implications of coppice conversion to high forest

Terzaghi, Mattia; Montagnoli, Antonio; Di Iorio, Antonino; Scippa, Gabriella S.; Chiatante, Donato
May 2013
Frontiers in Plant Science;May2013, Vol. 4, p1
Academic Journal
Fine-root systems represent a very sensitive plant compartment to environmental changes. Gaining further knowledge about their dynamics would improve soil carbon input understanding. This paper investigates C and N concentrations in fine roots in relation to different stand characteristics resulting from conversion of coppiced forests to high forests. In order to evaluate possible interferences due to different vegetative stages of vegetation, fine-root sampling was repeated 6 times in each stand during the same 2008 growing season. Fine-root sampling was conducted within three different soil depths (0-10; 10-20; and 20-30 cm). Fine-root traits were measured by means of WinRHIZO software which enable us to separate them into three different diameter classes (0-0.5, 0.5-1.0 and 1.0-2.0 mm). The data collected indicate that N concentration was higher in converted stands than in the coppiced stand whereas C concentration was higher in the coppiced stand than in converted stands. Consequently the fine-root C:N ratio was significantly higher in coppiced than in converted stands and showed an inverse relationship with fine-root turnover rate, confirming a significant change of fine-root status after the conversion of a coppice to high forest.


Related Articles

  • C:N:P Molar Ratios, Sources and 14C Dating of Surficial Sediments from the NW Slope of Cuba. de la Lanza Espino, Guadalupe; Soto, Luis A. // PLoS ONE;Jun2015, Vol. 10 Issue 6, p1 

    The surficial sediments recovered from 12 sites located near the channel axis of the Florida Straits and the lower slope off NW Cuba were analyzed for total organic carbon (TOC), nitrogen (TN), phosphorus (TP), elemental C:N:P ratios, C and N isotopic values, and 14C dating. The depth profiles...

  • Profile Distribution of Soil Properties on Sloping Cropland in Yingwugou Small Watershed of the Dan River Basin. Guoce XU; Zhanbin LI; Peng LI; Tiegang ZHANG; Haidong GAO // Asian Agricultural Research;Oct2013, Vol. 5 Issue 10, p111 

    Base on 3 m × 3 m grid in sloping cornfield with soil auger in Yingwugou Small Watershed of the Dan River Basin, a total of 39 sampling points were collected, and soil water content and nutrient content were measured in different soil depths. Meanwhile, the soil properties of different depth...

  • Vertical patterns of fine root biomass, morphology and nitrogen concentration in a subalpine fir-wave forest. Ugawa, Shin; Miura, Satoru; Iwamoto, Kojiro; Kaneko, Shinji; Fukuda, Kenji // Plant & Soil;Oct2010, Vol. 335 Issue 1/2, p469 

    To clarify the nutrient acquisition strategies for below-ground resources in a subalpine Abies forest with shallow soils, we examined the vertical patterns of fine root biomass, morphology, nitrogen concentration of fine root tissue and soil chemical characteristics in nine quadrats of sapling,...

  • Patterns of foliar δN and their control in Eastern Asian forests. Fang, Yunting; Koba, Keisuke; Yoh, Muneoki; Makabe, Akiko; Liu, Xueyan // Ecological Research;Sep2013, Vol. 28 Issue 5, p735 

    Foliar δN has been used increasingly in research on ecosystem nitrogen (N) cycling, because it can serve as an integrator of ecosystem N cycling and thus has a potential to reveal temporal and spatial patterns of N cycling as well as how the N cycle is altered by disturbances. However, the...

  • Optimization of soil physical and chemical conditions for the bioremediation of creosote-contaminated soil. H. I. Atagana; R. J. Haynes; F. M. Wallis // Biodegradation;Aug2003, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p297 

    Mispah type soil (FAO : Lithosol) contaminated with >250 000 mg kg-1 creosote was collected from the yard of a creosote treatment plant. The soils carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus contents were determined. Due to creosote contamination, the carbon content of the soil was found to be 130,000 mg C...

  • Soil carbon and nitrogen storage of different land use types in northwestern Shanxi Loess Plateau. DONG Yun-zhong; WANG Yong-liang; ZHANG Jian-jie; ZHANG Qiang; YANG Zhi-ping // Yingyong Shengtai Xuebao;Apr2014, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p955 

    The soil organic carbon (SOC) and total nitrogen (TN) storage under five different land use patterns, i. e. , poplar and Caragana microphylla plantation, C. microphylla artificial shrubland, poplar plantation, bare land and cropland were studied in the hilly Loess Plateau of north-western...

  • Working out the right carbon-nitrogen balance.  // Kansas Farmer (0022-8583);Oct2012, Vol. 150 Issue 10, p48 

    The article reports that farmer Jim Coady works on getting the correct carbon-nitrogen balance in soil by amending the cover-crop mix.

  • Carbon and nitrogen properties of permafrost over the Eboling Mountain in the upper reach of Heihe River basin, Northwestern China. Cuicui Mu; Tingjun Zhang; Qingbai Wu; Bin Cao; Xiankai Zhang; Xiaoqing Peng; Xudong Wan; Lei Zheng; Qingfeng Wang; Guodong Cheng // Arctic, Antarctic & Alpine Research;May2015, Vol. 47 Issue 2, p203 

    The sensitivity of soil carbon and nitrogen to warming is a major uncertainty in projections of climate. However, previous studies about soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks and potential emission predominantly concentrated on the shallow soil layer in high latitude ecosystems. In this study, we...

  • Manure distribution as a predictor of N2O emissions from soil. Petersen, S. O.; Baral, K. R.; Arthur, E. // Animal Production Science;2016, Vol. 56 Issue 2/3, p549 

    Predicting nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from manure-amended soil remains a challenge. One reason may be that spatial heterogeneity in distribution of manure is not accounted for in models of N2O emission, but experimental results suggest that both manure and soil properties affect the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics