TITLE

The Tumor Microenvironment and Strategies to Improve Drug Distribution

AUTHOR(S)
Saggar, Jasdeep K.; Man Yu; Qian Tan; Tannock, Ian F.
PUB. DATE
May 2013
SOURCE
Frontiers in Oncology;May2013, Vol. 3, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The microenvironment within tumors is composed of a heterogeneous mixture of cells with varying levels of nutrients and oxygen. Differences in oxygen content result in survival or compensatory mechanisms within tumors that may favor a more malignant or lethal phenotype. Cells that are rapidly proliferating are richly nourished and preferentially located close to blood vessels. Chemotherapy can target and kill cells that are adjacent to the vasculature, while cells that reside farther away are often not exposed to adequate amounts of drug and may survive and repopulate following treatment. The characteristics of the tumor microenvironment can be manipulated in order to design more effective therapies. In this review, we describe important features of the tumor microenvironment and discuss strategies whereby drug distribution and activity may be improved.
ACCESSION #
88067150

 

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