TITLE

The association between Lambert--Eaton myasthenic syndrome and small cell lung carcinoma

AUTHOR(S)
Briggs, Sarah E. W.; Gozzard, Paul; Talbot, Denis C.
PUB. DATE
May 2013
SOURCE
ImmunoTargets & Therapy;May2013, Vol. 2, p31
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) is an autoimmune disorder mediated by autoantibodies to voltage-gated calcium channels. The disorder is diagnosed clinically on the basis of a triad of symptoms (proximal muscle weakness, hyporeflexia, and autonomic disturbance), supported by electrophysiological findings and the presence of autoantibodies. Between 40% and 62% of patients diagnosed with LEMS are found to have small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), almost all of whom develop neurological symptoms before their cancer is diagnosed. Prompt identification of LEMS and appropriate screening for SCLC is key to improving the outcome of both conditions. Here we review the pathophysiology and clinical management of LEMS, focusing particularly on the relationship with SCLC.
ACCESSION #
88016177

 

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