TITLE

Druggable chemical space and enumerative combinatorics

AUTHOR(S)
Melvin J. Yu
PUB. DATE
June 2013
SOURCE
Journal of Cheminformatics;2013, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: There is a growing body of literature describing the properties of marketed drugs, the concept of drug-likeness and the vastness of chemical space. In that context, enumerative combinatorics with simple atomic components may be useful in the conception and design of structurally novel compounds for expanding and enhancing high-throughput screening (HTS) libraries. Results: A random combination of mono- and diatomic carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen containing components in the absence of molecular weight constraints but with the ability to form rings affords virtual compounds that fall in bulk physicochemical space typically associated with drugs, but whose ring assemblies fall in new or under-represented areas of chemical shape space. When compared against compounds in the ChEMBL_14, MDDR, Drug Bank and Dictionary of Natural Products, the percentage of virtual compounds with a Tanimoto index of 1.0 (ECFP_4) was found to be as high as 0.21. Depending on therapeutic target, this value may be in range of what might be expected from an experimental HTS campaign in terms of a true hit rate. Conclusion: Virtual compounds derived through enumerative combinatorics of simple atomic components have drug-like properties with ring assemblies that fall in new or under-represented areas of shape space. Structures derived in this manner could provide the starting point or inspiration for the design of structurally novel scaffolds in an unbiased fashion.
ACCESSION #
88015796

 

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