TITLE

Trichomycetes associated with insects in lotic habitats (streams) within the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada1

AUTHOR(S)
William, R.T.; Strongman, D.B.
PUB. DATE
June 2013
SOURCE
Botany;Jun2013, Vol. 91 Issue 6, p368
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Reported from marine, freshwater, and terrestrial habitats, trichomycetes are an ecological group of both fungi and protists that colonize the guts of insects, crustaceans, and millipedes. Lotic sites (streams, rivers) are a rich source of hosts and their trichomycetes. As part of a larger study of trichomycetes from different aquatic habitats within the Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia, Canada, one stream from each of three separate watersheds was sampled for aquatic insects, and their guts were dissected and examined for microscopic trichomycetes. Over the course of 17 months, 24 species of trichomycetes were collected including the following four new species: Glotzia gemina sp. nov. R.T. William and Strongman from a mayfly (Baetidae); Stachylina tanysoma sp. nov. R.T. William and Strongman; Smittium ampliboja sp. nov. R.T. William and Strongman; and Smittium insolitum sp. nov. R.T. William and Strongman, all recovered from dipteran (Chironomidae) hosts. New continental records were established for three species including Smittium pusillum Manier & Coste and Stachylina euthena Manier & Coste, both originally described from France, and Smittium nodifixum Strongman & Shengquan Xu previously known only from China. A new regional geographical record for Pennella arctica Lichtw. & M.C. Williams is reported and 17 other species previously known from eastern Canada were recorded. Pteromaktron timberleaense R.T. William & Strongman was described by us from Timberlea, Nova Scotia, but at the time no sexual spores (zygospores) were seen. In the collections reported in this paper, zygospores were found so the original description is emended to include the zygospore features for this species. This report adds to the published data on trichomycetes from Nova Scotia that have appeared over the last 10 years and highlights the significance of long-term sampling in cataloguing the diversity of this group of insect associated microorganisms. We also present some data on seasonal variation in trichomycete occurrence and comment on site specificity in the trichomycetes we collected.
ACCESSION #
88006207

 

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