TITLE

Natural convection of nanofluid over vertical plate embedded in porous medium: prescribed surface heat flux

AUTHOR(S)
Noghrehabadi, A.; Behseresht, A.; Ghalambaz, M.
PUB. DATE
June 2013
SOURCE
Applied Mathematics & Mechanics;Jun2013, Vol. 34 Issue 6, p669
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The aim of the present paper is to analyze the natural convection heat and mass transfer of nanofluids over a vertical plate embedded in a saturated Darcy porous medium subjected to surface heat and nanoparticle fluxes. To carry out the numerical solution, two steps are performed. The governing partial differential equations are firstly simplified into a set of highly coupled nonlinear ordinary differential equations by appropriate similarity variables, and then numerically solved by the finite difference method. The obtained similarity solution depends on four non-dimensional parameters, i.e., the Brownian motion parameter ( N), the Buoyancy ratio ( N), the thermophoresis parameter ( N), and the Lewis number ( Le). The variations of the reduced Nusselt number and the reduced Sherwood number with N and N for various values of Le and N are discussed in detail. Simulation results depict that the increase in N, N, or N decreases the reduced Nusselt number. An increase in the Lewis number increases both of the reduced Nusselt number and the Sherwood number. The results also reveal that the nanoparticle concentration boundary layer thickness is much thinner than those of the thermal and hydrodynamic boundary layers.
ACCESSION #
88006130

 

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