Investigation of characteristics and risk factors of sports injuries in young soccer players: a retrospective study

Nascimento Bastos, Fabio; Marques Vanderlei, Franciele; Marques Vanderlei, Luiz Carlos; Netto Júnior, Jayme; Pastre, Carlos Marcelo
June 2013
International Archives of Medicine;2013, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p1
Academic Journal
Background: The participation of children and adolescents in sports has become increasingly frequent, including soccer. This growing involvement gives rise to concerns regarding the risk of sports injuries. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to describe the musculoskeletal injuries in young soccer players. Methods: 301 male soccer players with a mean age 14.67 ± 2.08 years were randomly recruited. The Referred Condition Inquiry was used to collect information on the mechanism of injury and anatomic site affected as well as personal data on the participants. The variables were analyzed based on the degree of association using Goodman's test for contrasts between multinomial populations, with the p < 0.05. Results: Among the 301 athletes, 24.25% reported at least one injury. With regard to height, taller individuals reported more injuries than shorter individuals (62.5% and 37.5%, respectively; p < 0.05). Injuries were more frequent among players with a training duration greater than five years (69.65%) in comparison to those who trained for a shorter duration (30.35%) (p < 0.05). The lower limbs, especially the ankle/foot and knee, were the most affected anatomic sites. Impact was the most common mechanism of injury. Conclusion: The young practitioners of soccer analyzed had low rates of injury. The main causal mechanism was the impact. A taller height and longer exposure to training were the main risk factors for injury among young soccer players.


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