Schema Theory in Reading

Shuying An
January 2013
Theory & Practice in Language Studies;Jan2013, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p130
Academic Journal
The term "schema" was first used in psychology with the meaning of "an active organization of past reactions or experiences". It assumes that written text does not carry meaning by itself. Rather, a text only provides directions for readers as to how they should retrieve or construct meaning from their own previously acquired knowledge. The theory of Schema can be used to help guide students to comprehend a text from the global point of view. Therefore, the roles of Schema theory in comprehension cannot be ignored.


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