TITLE

GaN-free transparent ultraviolet light-emitting diodes

AUTHOR(S)
Nishida, Toshio; Kobayashi, Naoki; Ban, Tomoyuki
PUB. DATE
January 2003
SOURCE
Applied Physics Letters;1/6/2003, Vol. 82 Issue 1, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
By introducing a GaN-free layer structure, we have transparent light-emitting diodes (LEDs) at the ultraviolet emission wavelength of 348-351 nm, which is shorter than the GaN band gap wavelength of 363 nm. The buffer layer consists of an AlGaN alloy directly grown on an AlN template layer on a sapphire substrate, and a short period alloy superlattice is adopted as p-type cladding and p-type contact layers. The transparency of the epitaxially grown layer structure is confirmed from transmission spectra. The output powers of the device are 1 mW at injection currents of 20 and 7 mW at 220 mA under room temperature continuous wave operation. The highest external quantum efficiency is 1.4%. This value is superior to that of an ultraviolet LED grown on a high-quality bulk-GaN substrate, where the performance was significantly deteriorated by light absorption into the GaN substrate. The results here indicate the importance of a transparent device structure free of GaN to improve the performance of ultraviolet LEDs in wavelength ranges shorter than 363 nm.
ACCESSION #
8781335

 

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