TITLE

Physical Activity in 3–6 Year Old Children Measured by SenseWear Pro®: Direct Accelerometry in the Course of the Week and Relation to Weight Status, Media Consumption, and Socioeconomic Factors

AUTHOR(S)
Vorwerg, Yvonne; Petroff, David; Kiess, Wieland; Blüher, Susann
PUB. DATE
April 2013
SOURCE
PLoS ONE;Apr2013, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Data on objectively measured physical activity (PA) in preschoolers are controversial. Direct accelerometry was performed in children aged 3–6 years, and differences in PA patterns over the course of the week were evaluated. Data were analyzed with gender, BMI, lifestyle, and socioeconomic parameters as covariates. Methods: PA was measured in 119 children by the SensewearPro® accelerometer and analyzed in the 92 (40 girls) that wore it for at least 4 days including one day of the weekend. Median measuring time in this group was 7 consecutive days (median/mean daily measuring time: 23.5 h/d and 21.8 h/d, respectively), corresponding to 834,000 analyzed minutes. PA questionnaires were completed by 103 parents and 87 preschool teachers to collect anthropometric, lifestyle, and socioeconomic data. Results: Median daily PA (MET>3) was 4.3 hours (mean: 4.4 hours). Boys spent an estimated 52 min/week more being very active (MET>6) than girls (95% CI [6, 96] min/week, p = 0.02). PA was lower during the weekend (3.7 h/d) compared to weekdays (4.5 h/d), p = 3×10−6), where a 95% CI for the difference is [0.5, 1.0] h/d. PA levels did not differ between overweight/obese children (median 4.7 h/d) and normal-weight peers (median 4.2 h/d). Daily media consumption increased with decreasing social class on weekdays (p = 0.05) and during the weekend (p = 0.01), but was not related to the amount of daily PA. A multivariate regression with BMI-SDS as independent variable and gender, age, amount of PA>6 MET, parental BMI, media time and socioeconomic status as explanatory variables revealed that only SES had a significant contribution. Conclusion: The negative impact of obesity-promoting factors in older children is rather low for preschoolers, but there is evidently a gradient in PA between weekdays and weekends already in this age group. Weight status of preschoolers is already considerably influenced by SES, but not physical activity levels.
ACCESSION #
87677585

 

Related Articles

  • Children, Physical Activity, and Public Health: Another Call to Action. Stephens, Mark // American Family Physician;3/15/2002, Vol. 65 Issue 6, p1033 

    Editorial. Examines the health status of children in the U.S. Factors that promote sedentary behaviors in children; Ways to urge physical activities in children; Cultural differences in physical activities; Role of families in encouraging children to perform physical activities.

  • Parents still primary source of health advice for young teens. Stewart, Kimberly Lord // Functional Ingredients;Oct2009, Issue 91, p11 

    The article reports on the study on Teen Health Perceptions conducted by the Scarborough Kids Internet Panel. The study shows that children have more preference consulting to their parents with regards to food issues and the younger a child is, the more he prefers counseling to his parents about...

  • What Factors Are Associated with Adolescents' School Break Time Physical Activity and Sedentary Time? Ridgers, Nicola D.; Timperio, Anna; Crawford, David; Salmon, Jo // PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1 

    Purpose: Adolescents' physical activity levels during school break time are low and understanding correlates of physical activity and sedentary time in this context is important. This study investigated cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between a range of individual, behavioural,...

  • SOCIJALNA OBILJEŽJA SVAKODNEVNOG ŽIVOTA DJECE I MLADIH S ADHD-om. Bartolac, Andreja // Ljetopis Socijalnog Rada / Annual of Social Work;2013, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p269 

    Recognizing and understanding different causes and manifestations of children's behaviour carries importance for all professionals who work with children, regardless of whether their field of work is within the welfare system, health or education. It is especially so if the development of social...

  • Children's Lack of Playtime Seen As Troubling Health, School Issue. Jacobson, Linda // Education Week;12/3/2008, Vol. 28 Issue 14, p1 

    The article discusses the views of educators and child psychologists who think children in the U.S. are beginning to suffer from a decreasing amount of play time due to more homework, more after-school activities, and shorter recesses. Views on the importance of play for healthy child...

  • When a Mother Has Cancer: Myriad Issues for Children and Adolescents. Azizi, Asal // Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing;Apr2009, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p238 

    The article provides information for oncology nurses regarding issues for children dealing with a parent's cancer. Issues related to disclosure of the parent's health status are covered. The developmental stages and behavior of children in various age groups are discussed. The positive outcomes...

  • Goofus and Gallant.  // Highlights;Jun2005, Vol. 60 Issue 6, p24 

    Describes activities that illustrate proper behavior in children.

  • Goofus and Gallant.  // Highlights for Children;Jun98, Vol. 53 Issue 6, p33 

    Presents photographs that show the behavior of children and how they interact with others.

  • From cool to cold. DEVINE, DANIEL JAMES // World (0888157X);7/26/2014, Vol. 29 Issue 15, p58 

    The article presents a study based on the social status and behavior of the adolscents who were very cool and impressive during middle school days, and reveals that such children do not always remain so later in society.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics