TITLE

Micro-alloying and the toughness of glasses: Modeling with pinned particles

AUTHOR(S)
Dasgupta, Ratul; Mishra, Pankaj; Procaccia, Itamar; Samwer, Konrad
PUB. DATE
May 2013
SOURCE
Applied Physics Letters;5/13/2013, Vol. 102 Issue 19, p191904
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The usefulness of glasses, and particularly of metallic glasses, in technological applications is often limited by their toughness, (which is defined as the area under the stress vs. strain curve before plastic yielding). Recently, toughness was found to increase significantly by the addition of small concentrations of foreign atoms that act as pinning centers. We model this phenomenon at zero temperature and quasi-static straining with randomly positioned particles that participate in the elastic deformation, but are pinned in the non-affine return to mechanical equilibrium. We find a very strong effect on toughness via the increase of both the shear modulus and the yield stress as a function of the density of pinned particles. Understanding the results calls for analyzing separately the elastic, or 'Born term', and the contributions of the 'excess modes' that result from glassy disorder. Finally, we present a scaling theory that collapses the data on one universal curve as a function of rescaled variables.
ACCESSION #
87655893

 

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