TITLE

Isolation, Fruiting and Pathogenicity of Marasmiellus palmivorus (Sharples) Desjardin (comb. prov.) in Oil Palm Plantations in West Malaysia

AUTHOR(S)
Pong, V. M.; Abidin, M. A. Zainal; Almaliky, B. S. A.; Kadir, J.; Wong, M. Y.
PUB. DATE
December 2012
SOURCE
Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science;Dec2012 Special Issue, Vol. 35, p37
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Malaysia's golden crop, oil palm (Elaies guineensis), is susceptible to bunch rot disease caused by Marasmielluspalmivorus (Sharpies) Desjardin (comb. prov.). Nonetheless, there is no published information on the morphology and pathogenicity of the species found in local oil palm plantations in Malaysia. Rhizomorphs and basidiocarps found on dead fronds or trunks were randomly sampled from the plantations located in the states of Perak and Selangor. Isolates were identified based on the morphology and molecular methods as Marasmielluspalmivorus and pure cultures subsequently produced similar fruit bodies (basidiocarps) by in vitro methods. Hyphal morphology was examined by light and scanning electron microscopy and found to be septate and produced clamp connections. White spore prints were obtained from each pileus. Naturally grown and induced basidiocarps were similar with diameter of pileus ranging from 1.0-2.8cm, slightly depressed at the centre, smooth, convex, with involute margin, orange-white fading to white and possessed a central, solid, cylindrical, tough, overall whitish stipes with length ranging from 0.8-2.6cm. The gills were adnate, distant and have a non-distinctive odour. Basidiospores were ellipsoid in shape and spores were found to be viable with percentage germination of 80-85%. Upon germination, they produced germ tubes ranging from 64.3 - 82.5 µm after 24 h incubation at ambient temperature (27 ± 2°C) on water agar. Pathogenicity test of six isolates of Marasmiellus sp. positively produced necrotic symptoms on wounded leaves of oil palm seedlings.
ACCESSION #
87645981

 

Related Articles

  • First report of Alternaria leaf blight disease on oil palm caused by Alternaria longipes in Thailand. Suwannarach, Nakarin; Kumla, Jaturong; Lumyong, Saisamorn // Phytoparasitica;Feb2015, Vol. 43 Issue 1, p57 

    A leaf blight on oil palm, caused by Alternaria longipes, was found in an Elaeis guineensis plantation for the first time in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand . The fungus was isolated from the lesions and its pathogenicity was confirmed. The fungus was identified based on morphological...

  • XYLARIA ANTIQUA SP. NOV. (ASCOMYCOTA: XYLARIACEAE) IN DOMINICAN AMBER. Poinar Jr., George O. // Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas;2014, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p145 

    Xylaria antiqua sp. nov. is described from Tertiary Dominican amber. Characters of the stroma, perithecia, ascospores and a white bloom of conidiogenous cells bearing conidiophores and conidia place the fossil in the Xylariaceae and genus Xylaria. The preservation of X. antiqua is excellent and...

  • Spatio-temporal distribution of Coelaenomenodera minuta Uhmann (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a serious insect pest of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) in the south-west region of Cameroon. CONSTANTIN, MONDJELI; NTSEFONG, GODSWILL NTSOMBOH; GEORGES FRANK, NGANDO EBONGUE; NCHU, WALTER AJAMBANG; PARH, IGNATIUS AMAH; LUC, DIBOG // Albanian Journal of Agricultural Sciences;2013, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p479 

    The leaflet miner Coelaenomenodera minuta is the main pest of oil palm in the south-west region of Cameroon. A 12 months study of spatio-temporal distribution was carried out on young and mature industrial plantations of 40 ha each at Tiko Benoe palm estate in the south-west region of Cameroon....

  • Assessment of tolerance to bud rot in oil palm under field conditions. Navia, Edwin; Ávila, Rodrigo; Daza, Edison; Restrepo, Edwin; Romero, Hernán // European Journal of Plant Pathology;Dec2014, Vol. 140 Issue 4, p711 

    Bud rot (BR), caused by Phytophthora palmivora, is one of the most devastating diseases affecting oil palm. It has destroyed oil palm plantations in countries throughout Latin America. To assess their resistance to BR, two cultivars of African oil palm ( Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) and two...

  • The Evolution of Defense Mechanisms Correlate with the Explosive Diversification of Autodigesting Coprinellus Mushrooms (Agaricales, Fungi). Nagy, László G.; Házi, Judit; Szappanos, Balázs; Kocsubé, Sándor; Bálint, Balázs; Rákhely, Gábor; Vágvölgyi, Csaba; Papp, Tamás // Systematic Biology;Jul2012, Vol. 61 Issue 4, p595 

    Bursts of diversification are known to have contributed significantly to the extant morphological and species diversity, but evidence for many of the theoretical predictions about adaptive radiations have remained contentious. Despite their tremendous diversity, patterns of evolutionary...

  • Temporal Analysis of Basal Stem Rot Disease in Oil Palm Plantations: An Analysis on Peat Soil. M., Azahar T.; Mustapha, Jawahir Che; S., Mazliham; Boursier, Patrice // International Journal of Engineering & Technology;Jun2011, Vol. 11 Issue 3, p96 

    The analysis of plant disease, especially in spatial and temporal terms is very complex process but with the advancement in computer technology, the task has been simplified to large extent. Furthermore, the application of GIS in plant disease analysis is becoming more popular, precise and...

  • Transcript profiling of aquaporins during basidiocarp development in Laccaria bicolor ectomycorrhizal with Picea glauca. Xu, Hao; Navarro-Ródenas, Alfonso; Zwiazek, Janusz; Cooke, Janice // Mycorrhiza;Jan2016, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p19 

    Sporocarp formation is part of the reproductive stage in the life cycle of many mycorrhizal macrofungi. Sporocarp formation is accompanied by a transcriptomic switch and profound changes in regulation of the gene families that play crucial roles in the sporocarp initiation and maturation. Since...

  • Mycelial growth characteristics in a split-plate culture of four strains of the genus Suillus. Hatakeyama, Tomoyuki; Ohmasa, Masatake // Mycoscience (Springer Science & Business Media B.V.);Jun2004, Vol. 45 Issue 3, p188 

    A split-plate method with two media in different concentrations in each compartment was applied for the mycelial growth of four strains of Suillus luteus, S. grevillei, S. granulatus, and S. bovinus. As the glucose concentration in the A-side (the side containing higher concentrations of...

  • Taxonomic Study of the Genus Abundisporus in Korea. Jargalmaa, Suldbold; Myung Soo Park; Jae Young Park; Fong, Jonathan J.; Yeongseon Jang; Young Woon Lim // Mycobiology;Sep2015, Vol. 43 Issue 3, p225 

    The polypore genus Abundisporus Ryvarden is characterized by resupinate to pileate fruitbodies with a purplish brown hymenophore, slightly thick-walled, pale yellowish and non-dextrinoid basidiospores, and causing white rot. A purple color hymenophore, an easily observable and striking...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics