TITLE

The 'scientific artworks' of Doctor Paul Richer

AUTHOR(S)
Ruiz-Gómez, Natasha
PUB. DATE
June 2013
SOURCE
Medical Humanities;Jun2013, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p4
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article examines the little-known sculptures of pathology created by Doctor Paul Richer (1849-1933) in the 1890s for the so-called Musée Charcot at the Hôpital de la Salpêtrière in Paris. Under the direction of Doctor Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893), one of the founders of modern neurology, Richer was the head of the hospital's museum of pathological anatomy, as well as the Salpêtrière's resident artist. His 'series of figural representations of the principal types of nervous pathology' included busts of patients suffering from labio-glosso-laryngeal paralysis and myopathy, as well as sculptures depicting patients with Parkinson's disease and juvenile hypothyroidism. These patient portraits were seen as objective, while also paradoxically providing an alternative to mechanical media, such as the photograph and the cast, by permitting the doctor's intervention in not only controlling and animating the sitter, but also emphasising the patient's symptoms. This was a new kind of medical specimen: the 'scientific artwork', as they were called by a contemporary. This phrase, far from being an oxymoron, indicates the purposive collapse of the objective ('scientific') and subjective ('artistic') binary in Richer's sculptures of pathology. Through a detailed examination of three of Richer's works, this article problematises the categories traditionally used to describe, analyse and understand medical imagery and complicates our understanding of the relationship between science and art at the end of the nineteenth century.
ACCESSION #
87645191

 

Related Articles

  • Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893). Goetz, Christopher // Journal of Neurology;Mar2005, Vol. 252 Issue 3, p374 

    Focuses on the life and works of neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot in Paris, France. Educational attainment, Career background; Contribution in the field of neurology.

  • Édouard Brissaud (1852-1909). Poirier, Jacques // Journal of Neurology;May2011, Vol. 258 Issue 5, p951 

    A biography of Édouard Brissaud, one of the pioneers in neurology is presented. He was born in 1852 from a family composing of various talents including intellectuals, painters, and artists. His scientific works, which were influenced by professor Jean-Martin Charcot, became significant to...

  • Charcot, Jean-Martin (1825 - 1893).  // Hutchinson Dictionary of Scientific Biography;2005, p1 

    French neurologist whose studies of hysteria still excite controversy.

  • Charcot et Babinski: au-delà de la simple relation professeur-élàve. Massie, Rami // Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences;Aug2004, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p422 

    Profiles Jean-Martin Charcot, considered to be the father of clinical neurology in France. Training of a generation of eminent neurologists, among them Joseph Babinski, with whom he had a special relationship; Impact of the relationship on Babinski's full professorship, which was denied by...

  • Charles Féré (1852-1907). Larner, A. J. // Journal of Neurology;Mar2011, Vol. 258 Issue 3, p524 

    The article features neurologist Charles Samson Féré. It relates that Féré who was interested in psychology, psychiatry, and anthropology, was influenced by neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot to pursue neuropathology. Féré's contributions in neurology include a published review of...

  • Un descubrimiento sorprendente. Yunes, Arlette; Pérez-Rincón, Héctor // Salud Mental;nov/dic2011, Vol. 34 Issue 6, p545 

    No abstract available.

  • A HUNDRED YEARS AGO. Rollin, Henri // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jun91, Vol. 158, p867 

    The article focuses on the contributions of Professor Jean-Martin Charcot to neurology accounted in his writing "Oeuvres Complètes de J. M. Charcot. Tome IX.Paris: Aux Bureaux du Progrès Medical. Lecrosnier et Babé." The publication contains his efforts in the field of neurology...

  • NINETEENTH-CENTURY HYSTERIA AND HYPNOSIS: A HISTORICAL NOTE ON BLANCHE WITTMANN. Alvarado, Carlos S. // Australian Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis;May2009, Vol. 37 Issue 1, p21 

    There were many patients and hypnotic subjects in the nineteenth century who influenced the development of psychology. An example was Blanche Wittmann, one of the star hysterical patients and hypnotic subjects at the Salpêtrière. In addition to producing phenomena for Jean-Martin Charcot,...

  • La representación del inconsciente por Jean-Martin Charcot en 1892. Garrabé, Jean // Salud Mental;nov/dic2011, Vol. 34 Issue 6, p547 

    No abstract available.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sign out of this library

Other Topics