A Novel Chromone Derivative with Anti-Inflammatory Property via Inhibition of ROS-Dependent Activation of TRAF6-ASK1-p38 Pathway

Hailiang Liu; Rui Xu; Lili Feng; Wenjie Guo; Ning Cao; Cheng Qian; Peng Teng; Lu Wang; Xuefeng Wu; Yang Sun; Jianxin Li; Yan Shen; Qiang Xu
June 2012
PLoS ONE;Jun2012, Vol. 7 Issue 6, p1
Academic Journal
The p38 MAPK signaling pathway plays a pivotal role in inflammation. Targeting p38 MAPK may be a potential strategy for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. In the present study, we show that a novel chromone derivative, DCO-6, significantly reduced lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced production of nitric oxide, IL-1b and IL-6, decreased the levels of iNOS, IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA expression in both RAW264.7 cells and mouse primary peritoneal macrophages, and inhibited LPS-induced activation of p38 MAPK but not of JNK, ERK. Moreover, DCO-6 specifically inhibited TLR4-dependent p38 activation without directly inhibiting its kinase activity. LPS-induced production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was remarkably impaired by DCO-6, which disrupted the formation of the TRAF6-ASK1 complex. Administering DCO-6 significantly protected mice from LPS-induced septic shock in parallel with the inhibition of p38 activation and ROS production. Our results indicate that DCO-6 showed anti-inflammatory properties through inhibition of ROS-dependent activation of TRAF6-ASK1-p38 pathway. Blockade of the upstream events required for p38 MAPK action by DCO-6 may provide a new therapeutic option in the treatment of inflammatory diseases.


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