The SHOCT Domain: A Widespread Domain Under-Represented in Model Organisms

Eberhardt, Ruth Y.; Bartholdson, S. Josefin; Punta, Marco; Bateman, Alex
February 2013
PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1
Academic Journal
We have identified a new protein domain, which we have named the SHOCT domain (Short C-terminal domain). This domain is widespread in bacteria with over a thousand examples. But we found it is missing from the most commonly studied model organisms, despite being present in closely related species. It's predominantly C-terminal location, co-occurrence with numerous other domains and short size is reminiscent of the Gram-positive anchor motif, however it is present in a much wider range of species. We suggest several hypotheses about the function of SHOCT, including oligomerisation and nucleic acid binding. Our initial experiments do not support its role as an oligomerisation domain.


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