Prevalence of HIV, Syphilis, HCV and Their High Risk Behaviors among Migrant Workers in Eastern China

Pan, Xiaohong; Zhu, Yingying; Wang, Qing; Zheng, Hui; Chen, Xin; Su, Jing; Peng, Zhihang; Yu, Rongbin; Wang, Ning
February 2013
PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1
Academic Journal
Objective: The goal of this study was to understand the knowledge about AIDS, identify the correlates and determine the prevalence of HIV infection, syphilis, HCV among migrant workers in Zhejiang, China. Methods: A cross-sectional study using face-to-face anonymous questionnaire interviews was conducted and blood samples were collected for HIV, syphilis and Hepatitis C infection screening. Results: 17,377 (92.8%) of 18,730 migrant workers approached were interviewed. Among 17,377 participants, the HIV/AIDS knowledge rate was 66.2%. A total of 12,694 (73%) of the participants reported having ever had sexual intercourse, with 30.1% of single participants reporting having had sexual intercourse. Among those respondents with sexual experiences, 7.5% admitted they had two or more sexual partners and 4.9% reported having had sex with casual (unpaid) partners in the previous 12 months, whilst 3.7% had paid for sex. More than half of those who had paid for sex (59.4%) had not used a condom every time in their sexual acts with the sex workers. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that high risk sexual behavior (defined as sex with a casual or commercial sex partner without using a condom consistently) was associated with being divorced or widowed (P<0.05 for single); male gender; shorter duration of stay in Zhejiang; working in factory, market or domestic service (P<0.05 for odd job); having a province of origin inside Zhejiang; and drug use. The prevalence of HIV and HCV infections were 0.02% (95% CI: 0.01%–0.06%) and 0.40% (95%CI: 0.31%–0.51%), respectively. The prevalence of syphilis among those who were sexually active was 0.55% (95% CI: 0.43%–0.70%). Risk factors for syphilis included shorter duration of stay in Zhejiang, ethnic minority status, being divorced or widowed and having had multiple sex partners. Conclusions: Much greater efforts are needed to promote safer sex, and programs for the control of syphilis need to be tailored for migrant workers in China.


Related Articles

  • Syndromic Management and STI Control in Urban Peru. Clark, Jesse L.; Lescano, Andres G.; Konda, Kelika A.; Leon, Segundo R.; Jones, Franca R.; Klausner, Jeffrey D.; Coates, Thomas J.; Caceres, Carlos F. // PLoS ONE;2009, Vol. 4 Issue 9, p1 

    Background: Syndromic management is an inexpensive and effective method for the treatment of symptomatic sexually transmitted infections (STIs), but its effectiveness as a method of STI control in at-risk populations is questionable. We sought to determine the potential utility of syndromic...

  • Risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection among street youths. Roy, Élise; Haley, Nancy; Leclerc, Pascale; Boivin, Jean-François; Cédras, Lyne; Vincelette, Jean // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;9/4/2001, Vol. 165 Issue 5, p557 

    Interpretation: Drug injection was the factor most strongly associated with HCV infection among street youths. Given that injection drug users are the driving force of the HCV infection epidemic in Canada, increased intervention efforts to prevent initiation of drug injection are urgently needed...

  • PREVALENCE OF ANTIBODIES TO THE HEPATITIS C VIRUS AMONG ARAB AND CHALDEAN AMERICANS IN SOUTHEAST MICHIGAN, USA. Jamil, Laith H.; Duffy, Michael C.; Fakhouri, Monty; Jamil, Hikmet J. // Ethnicity & Disease;Winter2013, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p18 

    Objective: The prevalence of antibodies to the hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) in the United States is estimated to be 1.6%. There are no published studies on the prevalence of anti-HCV among the Arab/Chaldean American population in the United States. Design: Retrospective review of data collected...

  • REASSESSMENT OF SELECTED HEALTHCARE ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS FOR HBV AND HCV INFECTIONS AMONG VOLUNTEER BLOOD DONORS, KARACHI, PAKISTAN. Younus, Muhammad; Siddiqi, Azfar-e-Alam; Akhtar, Saeed // Central European Journal of Public Health;2009, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p31 

    Epidemiologic studies conducted in the 1990s identified several independent healthcare associated risk factors for HBV and HCV infections in Pakistan. In 2002, we re-examined healthcare associated HBV and/or HCV infection risk factors in volunteer blood donors. In this case-control study, we...

  • Screening for HCV Infection: Understanding the USPSTF Recommendation. Randhawa, Gurvaneet S.; Calonge, Ned // American Family Physician;8/15/2005, Vol. 72 Issue 4, p579 

    Discusses the recommendations issued by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force on screening for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Argument against routine screening for HCV infection in asymptomatic adults who are not at increased risk; Reason behind the need to find insufficient evidence to...

  • Prevalence of HCV among the young male blood donors of Quetta region of Balochistan, Pakistan. Khan, Ayesha; Tareen, Abdul Malik; Ikram, Aamer; Rahman, Hazir; Wadood, Abdul; Qasim, Muhammad; Khan, Kalimullah // Virology Journal;2013, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Hepatitis C, caused by hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a contagious disease of the liver which infects more than 170 million people world-wide and around 16 million in Pakistan. HCV associated infection spreads mainly by blood-to-blood contact. In recent years, many studies have been...

  • Hepatitis C virus infection among kidney transplant recipients. Ponz, Esther; Campistol, Joseph M.; Bruguera, Miguel; Barrera, Joseph M.; Gil, Cristina; Pinto, Joao B.; Andreu, Jordi // Kidney International;Oct1991, Vol. 40 Issue 4, p748 

    The extent of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among kidney recipients was investigated in 67 patients by testing for anti-HCV paired serum samples, collected at time of transplantation and during follow-up (average 32 ± 20 months). Prevalence of anti-HCV at transplant time was 48%, and was...

  • Vitamin B12 supplementation improves rates of sustained viral response in patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus. Rocco, Alba; Compare, Debora; Coccoli, Pietro; Esposito, Ciro; Spirito, Antimo Di; Barbato, Antonio; Strazzullo, Pasquale; Nardone, Gerardo // Gut;May2013, Vol. 62 Issue 5, p766 

    Background In vitro, vitamin B12 acts as a natural inhibitor of hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication. Objective To assess the effect of vitamin B12 on virological response in patients with chronic HCV hepatitis naïve to antiviral therapy. Methods Ninety-four patients with chronic HCV hepatitis...

  • Role of different regions of the hepatitis C virus genome in the therapeutic response to interferon-based treatment. Khaliq, Saba; Latief, Noreen; Jahan, Shah // Archives of Virology;Jan2014, Vol. 159 Issue 1, p1 

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is considered a significant risk factor in HCV-induced liver diseases and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Nucleotide substitutions in the viral genome result in its diversification into quasispecies, subtypes and distinct genotypes. Different genotypes vary...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics