The Interleukin-10 Promoter Polymorphism rs1800872 (-592C>A), Contributes to Cancer Susceptibility: Meta-Analysis of 16 785 Cases and 19 713 Controls

Ding, Qi; Shi, Ying; Fan, Bo; Fan, Zhijiang; Ding, Li; Li, Feng; Tu, Wenjian; Jin, Xiaohua; Wang, Jing
February 2013
PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1
Academic Journal
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a multifunctional cytokine which participates in the development and progression of various malignant tumors. To date, a number of case–control studies were conducted to detect the association between IL-10-592C>A polymorphism and cancer risk in humans. However, the results of these studies on the association remain conflicting. In an effort to solve this controversy, we performed a meta-analysis based on 70 case–control studies from 65 articles, including 16 785 cancer cases and 19 713 controls. We used odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to assess the strength of the association. The overall results suggested that the variant homozygote genotype AA of the IL-10-592C>A polymorphism was associated with a moderately decreased risk of all cancer types (OR = 0.90, 95% CI = 0.83–0.98 for homozygote comparison, OR = 0.92, 95% CI = 0.86–0.98 for recessive model). In the stratified analyses, the risk remained for studies of smoking-related cancer, Asian populations and hospital-based studies. These results suggested that the IL-10-592C>A polymorphism might contribute to the cancer susceptibility, especially in smoking-related cancer, Asians and hospital-based studies. Further studies are needed to confirm the relationship.


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